Skip to main content

Research Guides

Citation Styles & Tools: Example Citations

Quick help on citing sources and tools for storing and organizing sources.

Example Citations: Books

Basic form

Lastname, Firstname. Year. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Location: Publisher.

One author

Pettit, Becky. 2012. Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

More than one author

Pattillo, Mary E., David F. Weiman, and Bruce Western. 2004. Imprisoning America: The Social Effects of Mass Incarceration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Article/chapter in an edited book

Rosenberg, Sharon. 2006. "Neither Forgotten Nor Fully Remembered: Tracing an Ambivalent Public Memory on the Tenth Anniversary of the Montreal Massacre." In Killing Women: The Visual Culture of Gender and Violence, edited by Susan Lord and Annette Burfoot, 21-46.  Waterloo, ON: Wilfred Laurier University Press.

Don't see the citation example you're looking for? Check out the Chicago Author-Date Guide for more examples!

 

Example Citations: Other Materials

Lecture notes

General format:

Lecturer Surname, First Name or Initial. Year. "Lecture Title." Lecture, Location of Lecture, Month Day of Lecture.

Example:

Quinn, Sarah. 2013. "The Sociology of Wall Street Trading." Class lecture, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, February 19.

Unpublished interview or personal communication

Unpublished interviews and personal communications (conversations, emails, letters, etc.) may be cited in running text (“In an email to the author on July 23, 2014, Jane Smith revealed . . .”) instead of in parentheses, and they are rarely listed in a reference list. The following examples show a more formal parenthetical citation.

(Jane Smith, e-mail message to author, July 23, 2014)

(Jane Smith, personal interview, July 24, 2014)

Thesis or dissertation

Singer, Amy E. 2005. “Under the Radar: The Subversive Work of American Children's Books, 1930-1980.” PhD diss., University of Washington.

Don't see the citation example you're looking for? Check out the Chicago Author-Date Guide for more examples!

Example Citations: Articles

Basic form

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal. volume (issue): xx-xx. doi:10.xxxxxxxxx.

Electronic journal article with DOI

Anderson, David, and Mykol Hamilton. 2005. "Gender Role Stereotyping of Parents in Children's Picture Books: The Invisible Father." Sex Roles. 52 (3-4): 145-151. doi:10.1007/s11199-005-1290-8.

Electronic journal article, no DOI (use URL instead)

Carlson, Stephanie M., and Marjorie Taylor. 2005. "Imaginary Companions and Impersonated Characters: Sex Differences in Children's Fantasy Play." Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology. 51 (1): 93-118. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23096051.

Online magazine or newspaper article

Flanagan, Caitlin. 2014. "The Dark Power of Fraternities." The Atlantic, February 19. http://www.theatlantic.com/features/archive/2014/02/the-dark-power-of-fraternities/357580/.

Print magazine article

Beard, Jo Ann. 1996. "The Fourth State of Matter." New Yorker, June 24.

Don't see the citation example you're looking for? Check out the Chicago Author-Date Guide for more examples!

Example Citations: Websites

A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text: "As of November 15, Facebook listed six elements of personal data use on its web site . . ." If a more formal citation is necessary, follow the elements in the examples below.

Because web content is subject to change, include an access date or, if available, a date that the site was last modified. In the absence of a date of publication, use the access date or last-modified date as the basis of the citation.

Facebook. 2013. “Data Use Policy.” Last modified November 15. https://www.facebook.com/about/privacy/.

University of Washington Libraries. 2014. "Camp Harmony Exhibit." Accessed July 23. http://www.lib.washington.edu/specialcollections/collections/exhibits/harmony/exhibit.

Don't see the citation example you're looking for? Check out the Chicago Author-Date Guide for more examples!