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Research Guides

U.S. Decennial Census: 1790

Decade by decade information about how to access and use U.S. Census reports.

About the 1790 census

Highlights

  • 1st decennial census
  • US population: 3,929,625

Questions asked

Name of head of family; free white males of 16 years and up, free white males under 16; free white females; slaves; other persons.

For more information:

Coverage

 

For more information:

  • Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 (GovPub Reference HA195 .T46 1987)

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Connecticut
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.6, microfiche 

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Maine
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.1]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Massachusetts
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.4, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, New Hampshire
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.2, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, New York
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.7, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, North Carolina
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.11, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Pennsylvania
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.8, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Rhode Island
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.5, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, South Carolina
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.12, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Vermont
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.3, microfiche]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Virginia
[HA201 1790 .A15 1908 v.10]

From the Census Bureau

List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States
[GS 4.7:34microfiche]

n/a

 

Contact

Need help? Use the Ask Us! reference service, or call us at (206) 543-4164 during Reference Desk hours

Guides and Documentation

Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census.                           (GovPub Reference HA 37 .U55 C66 2000)
See the entry under "decennial census".          Includes bibliography for each census.


See: list of all Guides and Documentation

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical sofware for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

See: list of raw data sources

Statistics

Original printed reports (& online equivalents)

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Return of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years)

These tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (eg states) but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

See: list of all census compilations

Contact

Need help?  Call the Government Publications, Maps, Microforms & Newspapers help desk at (206) 543-4164 during desk hours.  You can also consult the Ask Us! reference service (24/7).