Skip to main content

Research Guides

U.S. Decennial Census: 1880

Decade by decade information about how to access and use U.S. Census reports.

About the 1880 census

Highlights

  • 10th decennial census
  • US population: 50,155,783
  • Washington Territory population: 75,116

Questions asked

Address; nickname; relationship to head of family; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; married within the year; occupation; number of months unemployed during year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; place of birth of person and parents. Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for persons who died during the year; insane; idiots; deaf-mutes; blind; homeless children; prisoners; paupers and indigent persons.

For more information:

Coverage

 

For more information:

  • Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 (GovPub Reference HA195 .T46 1987)

Statistics

Original printed reports (& online equivalents)

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Vol I: Statistics of the population of the United States
[HA201 1880a v.1]

From the Census Bureau

Vol II: Report on the manufactures of the United States (11pts)
[HA201 1880a v.2]

From the Census Bureau

Vol III: Report on the production of agriculture (6 pts)
[HA201 1880a v.3]

From the Census Bureau

Vol IV: Report on agencies of transportation (5 pts)
[HA201 1880a v.4]

From the Census Bureau

Vol V-VI: Report on cotton production(2 pts)
[HA201 1880a v.5-6]

From the Census Bureau

Vol VII: Report on valuation, taxation, and public indebtedness
[HA201 1880a v.7]

From the Census Bureau

Vol VIII: (4 pts) The newspaper and periodical press; Alaska: its population, industries, as resources; The seal islands of Alaska; Ship-building industry
[HA201 1880a v.8]

From the Census Bureau

Vol IX: Report on the Forests of North America
[HA201 1880a v.9]

From the Census Bureau

Vol X: Production technology, and uses of petroleum; The manufacture of coke; Building stones of the United States, and statistics of the quarry industry for 1880.
[HA201 1880a v.10]
(Note: pages 713 and 795-812 missing from edition on Census website)

From the Census Bureau

Vol XI-XII: Report on the mortality and vital statistics (2 pts)
[HA201 1880a v.11-12]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XIII: Statistics and technology of the precious metals
[HA201 1880a v.13]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XIV: The United States mining laws
[HA201 1880a v.14]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XV: Report on the mining industries
[HA201 1880a v.15]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XVI-XVII: Reports on water-power (2 pts)
[HA201 1880a v.16-17]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XVIII-XIX: Report on the social statistics of cities (2 pts)
[HA201 1880a v.18-19]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XX: Report on the statistics of wages in manufacturing industries
[HA201 1880a v.20]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XXI: Report on the defective, dependent, and delinquent classes of the population
[HA201 1880a v.21]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XXII: Report on power and machinery employed in manufactures (7 pts)
[HA201 1880a v.22]

From the Census Bureau

Compendium of the tenth Census (2 pts)
[HA201 1880 .C66 1883]

From the Census Bureau

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years)

These tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (eg states) but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time

See: list of all census compilations

Guides and Documentation

Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census.                       (GovPub Reference HA 37 .U55 C66 2000)
See the entry under "decennial census". Includes bibliography for each census.

See: list of all Guides and Documentation

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical sofware for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

See: list of raw data sources

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.

Contact

Need help?  Call the Government Publications, Maps, Microforms & Newspapers help desk at (206) 543-4164 during desk hours.  You can also consult the Ask Us! reference service (24/7).