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Research Guides

U.S. Decennial Census: 1980

Decade by decade information about how to access and use U.S. Census reports.

About the 1980 census


  • 20th decennial census
  • US population: 226,545,805
  • Washington population: 4,132,156

Questions asked

Information obtained from all persons: Age, Sex, Color or Race, If American Indian, name of Tribe, Relationship to head of family or household, Marital Status

Information obtained from a sample of the population: Ancestry/ Ethnic Origin, Age at or Date of First Marriage, Married more than once, If remarried, Was first marriage terminated by death?, Ill or Disabled, School Attendance, Educational Attainment, Place of Birth, Citizenship, If Foreign Born, Year of immigration, language, Spanish origin or descent, Number of children ever born to mother, Veteran status, In service date, Place of residence in a previous year, Year moved to present residence, Industry, Occupation, Class of Worker, Employment Status, Duration of Unemployment, Year last worked, Weeks worked in preceding year, Hours worked in preceding week, Value of Real Estate, Income, Place of work, Means of transportation to work

For more information:


Original printed reports (& online equivalents)

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

CensusCD 1980
[HA214 .C45 1999, HA214 .C45 2000]


Census of Population

Vol. I: Characteristics of the Population:

Chapter titles and table numbers are as follows:

Ch. A - Number of Inhabitants (tables 1-13)
[HA201 1980e v.1 pt.* ch.A]

From the Census Bureau

Ch. B - General Population Characteristics (tables 14-55)
[HA201 1980e v.1 pt.* ch.B]

From the Census Bureau

Ch. C - General Social and Economic Characteristics (tables 56-193)
[HA201 1980e v.1 pt.* ch.C]

From the Census Bureau

Ch. D - Detailed Population Characteristics (tables 194-251)
[HA201 1980e v.1 pt.* ch.D]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. II: Subject Reports:

Characteristics of American Indians by Tribes and Selected Areas [HA201 1980e v.2 1C]
American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts on Identified Reservations and in the Historic Area of Oklahoma (Excluding Urbanized Areas) [HA201 1980e v.2 1D]
Asian and Pacific Islander Population in the United States [HA201 1980e v.2 1E]
Geographic Mobility for States and the Nation [HA201 1980e v.2 2A]
Geographic Mobility for Metropolitan Areas [HA201 1980e v.2 2C]
Living Arrangements of Children and Adults [HA201 1980e v.2 4B]
Marital Characteristics [HA201 1980e v.2 4C]
Persons in Institutions and Other Group Quarters [HA201 1980e v.2 4D]
Journey to Work: Metropolitan Commuting Flows [HA201 1980e v.2 6C]

Journey to Work: Characteristics of Workers in Metropolitan Areas [HA201 1980e v.2 6D]
Place of Work [HA201 1980e v.2 6E]
Occupation by Industry [HA201 1980e v.2 7C]
Earnings by Occupation and Education [HA201 1980e v.2 8B]

Poverty Areas in Large Cities [HA201 1980e v.2 8D]
Characteristics of the Rural and Farm-Related Population [HA201 1980e v.2 9C]

Supplementary Reports:

Age, Sex, Race, and Spanish Origin of the Population by Regions, Divisions, and States: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-1]
Population and Households by States and Counties: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-2]
Race of the Population by States: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-3]
Population and Households for Census Designated Places: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-4]
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Standard Consolidated Statistical Areas: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-5]
Nonpermanent Residents by States and Selected Counties and Incorporated Places: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-6]
Persons of Spanish Origin by State: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-7]
Detailed Occupation and Years of School Completed by Age, for the Civilian Labor Force by Sex, Race, and Spanish Origin: 1980 [C 3.223/12:980-S1-8]
State of Residence in 1975 by State of Residence in 1980 [C 3.223/12:980-S1-9]
Ancestry of the Population by State: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-10]
Congressional District Profiles, 98th Congress [C 3.223/12:980-S1-11]
Asian and Pacific Islander Population by State: 1980 [C 3.223/12:980-S1-12]
American Indian Areas and Alaska Native Villages: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-13]
Population and Land Area of Urbanized Areas for the United States and Puerto Rico: 1980 and 1970 [C3.223/12:980-S1-14]
Detailed Occupation of the Experienced Civilian Labor Force by Sex for the United States and Regions: 1980 and 1970 [C 3.223/12:980-S1-15]
Residence in 1975 for States by Age, Sex, Race and Spanish Origin [C 3.223/12:980-S1-16]
Gross Migration for Counties 1975-1980 [C 3.223/12:980-S1-17]
Metropolitan Statistical Areas [C3.223/12:980-S1-18]
Rural and Farm Population by Current (1980) and Previous (1970) Farm Definitions, for States and Counties: 1980 [C 3.223/12:980-S1-19]
Selected Characteristics of Persons With a Work Disability by State: 1980 [C3.223/12:980-S1-20]
Summary Characteristics of the Black Population for States and Selected Counties and Places: 1980 [C 3.223/12:980-S1-21]

Census of Population and Housing:

Block Statistics
[Microfiche M-2925, Microfiche M-2926, C 3.163/8:3]

Block Statistics Maps
[C 3.224/5:PHC 80-1- ]

Census Tracts
[C 3.223/11:980; maps for each volume]

Summary Characteristics for Governmental Units and SMSAs: Washington
[C 3.223/23:980/49]

Congressional Districts of the 98th Congress
[HA205 .A5 1980]

Congressional Districts of the 100th Congress
[C 3.233/20:80-4-37/986]

Census of Housing:

Vol. I: Characteristics of Housing Units
[HD7293 .A512 1980, C 3.224/3:980/B 49]

Vol II: Metropolitan Housing Characteristics
[HD7293 .A512 1980C 3.224/4:980/329]

Vol. III: Subject Reports
[HD7293 .A512 1980C 3.224/10:980/2-6]

Vol. IV: Components of Inventory Change
[HD7293 .A512 1980C 3.224/6:980-4-1]

Vol. V: Residential Finance
[HD7293 .A512 1980]

Original electronic files released (& online equivalents)

Online Versions

Summary Tape File 1

**Download from the Census Bureau
**Download from ICPSR [UW restricted]

Summary Tape File 2

**Download from ICPSR [UW  restricted]

Summary Tape File 3

**Download from the Census Bureau
**Download from ICPSR [UW  restricted]

Summary Tape File 4

**Download from ICPSR [UW  restricted]

Public Law 94-171

**Download from ICPSR [UW  restricted]

Equal Employment Opportunity Special File

**Download from ICPSR [UW restricted]

County-to-County Migration Flow Data File

**Download from ICPSR [UW  restricted]

** Indicates that these files are available for download only. They cannot be used online.

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years)

These tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (eg states) but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

See: list of all census compilations

Guides and Documentation

Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census.                       (GovPub Reference HA37.U55 C66 2000)
See the entry under "decennial census". Includes bibliography for each census.

See: list of all Guides and Documentation

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical sofware for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

See: list of raw data sources

Population Schedules

Note: 1980 population schedules have not been released.

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


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