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Citation & Writing Guide: Additional Resources

Find citation style guides, citation management tools, writing/grammar guides and links to the UWT Teaching and Learning Center.

Citing Legal Documents

Citing Images

How you cite an image will depend on the citation style you are using. Commonly, image citations should include:

  • Creator's name
  • Title of the work
  • Date of creation
  • Repository, museum, or owner (current location)
  • Source (how was it accessed)
  • City or country of origin

Citing DOIs

A Digital Object Identifier, or DOI, is a specific code assigned to individual articles. DOIs provide a permanent path to the resource.  They are commonly used by publishers and usually look something like this, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.017

You can search a DOI by inputting the code into Cross Ref or the Digital Object Identifier System.

Due to their ability to provide direct access to articles, many citation formats require you to include the DOI in your citation.  Here is an example of a citation in APA including a DOI:

J.A. Gravelle, G. Ice, T.E. Link, D.L. Cook, Nutrient concentration dynamics in an inland Pacific Northwest watershed before and after timber harvest, Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 257 (8), 1663-1675. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.017

Citing Datasets

Data citation allows for discoverability and reuse of research data.  It also allows for attribution and tracking of use to better measure the impact of a dataset which in turn promotes better science.

If you are following a particular style, try to form the citation according to the general rules of that style.  If in doubt, it is better to provide more information than less.

The main parts of a data citation are:

  • Responsible Party
  • Title of dataset
  • Edition or version of dataset, if applicable
  • Name and location of data center, repository, or publisher
  • Date published
  • Analysis software, if required
  • Date accessed
  • URL, DOI or other persistent link
  • Parameters selected, if applicable
Payne JL, Boyer AG, Brown JH, Finnegan S, Kowaleski M, Krause Jr RA, Lyons SK, McClain CR, McShea DW, Novack-Gottshall PM, Smith FA, Stempien JA, Wang SC (2008) Data from: Two-phase increase in the maximum size of life over 3.5 billion years reflects biological innovation and environmental opportunity. Dryad Digital Repository.
How do you make your data citable?
The UW Libraries provides access to a data citation service called EZID.  Through this service you can acquire a permanent identifier for your dataset which can be used when you deposit your data in a repository or submit it to a journal accompanied by a related publication based on that data.  Some repositories will create permanent identifiers for you when you deposit your data.  See our page on Sharing & Storage for more information.  See the first two links in the "Tools & Resources" box to the right for information on how to cite a database
For more information, see the Data Management Guide.