Skip to main content

THISP 277 Latin American Literature in Translation: Defining Peer Review

What is a Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journal Article?

What does Peer Review Mean?

A peer-reviewed (or refereed) article has been read, evaluated, and approved for publication by scholars with expertise and knowledge related to the article’s subjects and contents.  Peer-reviewing helps insure that articles provide accurate, verifiable, and valuable contributions to a field of study.

  • The peer-review process is anonymous, to prevent personal biases and favoritism from affecting the outcomes.  Reviewers read manuscripts that omit the names of the author(s).  When the reviewers’ feedback is given to the author(s), the reviewers’ names are omitted.
  • Editors of journals select reviewers who are experts in the subjects addressed in the article.  Reviewers consider the clarity and validity of the research and whether it offers original and important knowledge to a particular field of study.

What is grey (or gray) literature?

A technical defintion...

"That which is produced on all levels of govenment, academics, business and industry in print and electronic formats, but which is not controlled by commercial publishers."

(Fourth International conference on Grey Literature, Washington D.C., October 1999)


Examples of grey literature may include:

Government reports
Conference proceedings
Working papers
Market research reports
Newsletters and/or bulletins
Dissertations & Theses
Policy statements


Examples of why you might use grey literature:

  • It may be the only timely information available.
  • It may be a body of information that only governments typically collect and report on.
  • It may be valuable data/research conducted as part of an academic exercise (dissertation, working papers, etc.).
  • It may be a narrow topic with little published information available.
    • Hint:  If you are running into this issue, you may want to consider revising your topic if peer-reviewed literature is required.