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Research Guides

Brief Overviews & Biographies

Secondary Sources

These are just a selection of articles and books (some in print, some online) that provide scholarly analysis of the events, people & issues of the time. Use the databases linked under the Finding Additional Secondary Sources tab to identify other articles and books that may be useful. 

Primary Sources

Primary sources for the medieval period are limited both in range and number. The dispute between Gregory VII and Henry IV produced a relatively large number of papal and propaganda texts however most have yet to be translated. The sources listed here are mostly English language translations that supplement the excerpts included in Tierney and Miller books. Some material is not held at the UW but will need to be requested via our Summit partner libraries.