Agyepong, Tera. "In the Belly of the Beast: Black Policemen Combat Police Brutality in Chicago, 1968–1983." The Journal of African American History
98, no. 2 (2013): 253-76. doi:10.5323/jafriamerhist.98.2.0253.
This article discusses efforts by African American police officers in Chicago, Illinois to prevent police brutality against African Americans from 1968 to 1983, highlighting the organization Afro-American Patrolman's League (AAPL). Topics include the AAPL's critique of criminal justice practices, the relation of the AAPL to the Black Power Movement, and harassment of the AAPL by white Chicago Police Department (CPD) officers.