The secondary use of datasets is a relatively new and expanding phenomenon. The International Council for Science's Committee on Data for Science and Technology and the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information, jointly as the CODATA-ICSTI Task Group on Data Citation Standards and Practices, have published a report with a list of target practices for citing data: Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The current state of practice, policy, and technology for the citation of data.
FORCE11 Future of Research Communications and e-Scholarship has a similar list of guiding principles for data within scholarly literature, another dataset, or any other research object.
Although specific reference styles do not seem to have addressed this format specifically, there are some resources to help in formatting dataset citations.
Individual journals may have specifications for datasets,