Skip to main content
University of Washington Health Sciences Library

Evidence-Based Practice Tools: Home

EBP tools/resources information organized by evidence level indicated on a pyramid

Evidence-Based Practice Tools Summary

Best evidence pyramid diagram; the elements of the diagram are explained belowMeta-search engines; TRIP, SUMSearchCochrane Systematic Reviews Other Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Evidence Guidelines RCTs, Case Cohorts, Control Studies Clinical Research Critiques Other Reviews of the Literature Case Reports, Case Series, Other Articles, Practice Guidelines, etc. Clinical Reference Texts   
 Meta-search engines; TRIP, SUMSearch

pyramid modified from: Navigating the Maze, University of Virginia, Health Sciences Library


Cochrane Systematic Reviews

  • Cochrane Library 
    The Cochrane Collaboration. Oxford: Update Software; 1996-. Updated quarterly.

  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Cochrane Reviews)

    • 'Gold Standard' for high-quality systematic reviews

    • Full-text included in Cochrane Library

    • Cochrane Reviews includes complete reviews and protocols (reviews that are still in progress)

    • Cochrane Reviews abstracts are in PubMed

  • Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (Other Reviews - DARE) - service ended 2016

    • prepared by the National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, England

    • Complements the Cochrane Reviews by offering a selection of quality assessed reviews in those subjects where there is currently no Cochrane review

    • Brief critical appraisals of previously published reviews of the effects of health care

    • Structured abstracts, not full-text

    • DARE not indexed in PubMed, but original research articles may be

    • Also available at no charge on the web from University of York

Other Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses

  • PubMed MEDLINE - Systematic Reviews

    • access: part of PubMed's Clinical Queries (linked on PubMed Home and Advanced Search pages)
      UW access for more full-text links

    • Identifies systematic reviews and other similar types of studies found in biomedical journals included in PubMed database

    • No evaluation of comparative quality of different reviews on a topic

    • Abstracts supplied by authors/journals. No separate evaluation of quality of research

    • Identify systematic reviews in the biomedical area - gathers together much larger collection than other evidence-based practice resources

Evidence Guidelines/Summaries

RCTs, Case Cohorts, Control Studies

  • PubMed   ( if you are not a UW faculty, staff, or student)

    • note: Filtered by publication type, but not quality

    • Clinical Queries - Uses preconfigured search strategies to retrieve research-based citations on clinical topics in the areas of therapy, diagnosis, etiology, or diagnosis

    • Use Limits to search by specific publication type (e.g. meta-analysis, randomized controlled trial, review)

  • Cochrane Library
    The Cochrane Collaboration. Oxford: Update Software; 1996-. Updated quarterly.

    • Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Clinical Trials)

      • Bibliography of controlled trials as part of an international effort to hand search the world's journals

      • Includes reports published in conference proceedings and in many other sources not in PubMed or other bibliographic databases

  • Other Resources

    • Check HSL Databases for other databases that may be appropriate.

Clinical Research Critiques

Reviews of patient care relevant studies.

  • ACP Journal Club

    • American College of Physicians - American Society of Internal Medicine (ACP-ASIM)

    • Internal medicine focus

    • Abstracts to journal articles selected according to explicit criteria from major peer-reviewed medical journals

    • Available in print

  • POEMS (Patient Oriented Evidence that Matters)

    • Structured abstracts by Journal of Family Practice editors

    • Reviews over 90 journals monthly; identifies eight articles to abstract

    • Focus on the patient

    • Subset available in Journal of Family Practice

    • All POEMS included in Essential Evidence Plus

Other Reviews of the Literature

  • Natural Medicines

    • Subject-specific database of evidence-based information.

    • Compiled by publishers of Pharmacist's Letter and Prescriber's Letter

    • Herbal medicines, and dietary supplements used in the western world

    • Assesses available evidence; check references for quality of source

  • Check HSL Databases for other subjects.

Case Reports, Case Series, Other Articles, Practice Guidelines, etc.

  • PubMed

    • Use Limits to search by specific publication type(s)

  • National Guideline Clearinghouse

    • Initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

    • Available at no charge

    • Updated weekly with new and changed guidelines

    • Comprehensive database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents. Voluntary participation

Clinical Reference Texts

Meta-Search Engines

  • TRIP (Turning Research Into Practice)

    • Meta-search from the UK

    • Searches over 55 sites of evidence-based information

    • Includes links to peer-reviewed journals and other publications

  • SUMSearch

    • Produced by University of Texas Health Sciences Center, San Antonio

    • Simultaneously searches few free-access sources - PubMed Cochrane Systematic Reviews (within PubMed), National Guideline Clearinghouse and Merck Index

    • Results grouped by reviews, practice guidelines, systematic reviews and research-based articles

Additional Resources

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.


Health Sciences Library | 1959 NE Pacific Street, T334 Health Sciences Building, Box 357155, Seattle, WA 98195-7155 USA, 206-543-3390 | Privacy | Terms