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Indian & Tribal Law

Resources for researching federal Indian law and Native American tribal law.

Statutes

Most laws relating to Indians are codified in Title 25 of the United States Code. Earlier editions of 25 U.S.C. (1925-date) are available on HeinOnline.

Selected laws relating to Native Americans are listed by the Center for Regulatory Effectiveness.

 

Legislative History

HeinOnline's American Indian Law Collection (UW Law Restricted) has 26 legislative histories of federal Indian law statutes. Included are major laws such as:

  • Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (1978)
  • American Indian Religious Freedom Act (1971)
  • Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978
  • Indian Reorganization Act of 1934
  • Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010
  • Tribal Self-Governance Amendments of 2000

See National Indian Law Library, Tools for Researching Federal Legislation and Legislative History Related to Indian Law.

Executive Orders & Proclamations

  • Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations 1855-1902. KF6015.A5F4 at Classified Stacks
  • Available on LexisNexis: Area of Law By Topic > Native American Law > Administrative Materials & Regulations > Executive Order[s] Pertaining to Native American People, from 1854.
  • Available on LexisNexis: Area of Law By Topic > Native American Law > Administrative Materials & Regulations > Presidential Proclamations Pertaining to Native American People, from 1879.
  • Available on Westlaw: FNAM-EXEC. Contains executive orders and proclamations.

Regulations

Most federal regulations relating to Indians are in title 25 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

Earlier editions of 25 C.F.R. (1938-date) available on HeinOnline (UW restricted).