Archives are managed by a variety of types of institutions and the materials they collect differ. Familiarity with different kinds of archives is helpful for finding resources that are most appropriate for your research.
- College and university archives: typically preserve materials related to the university or college.
- Corporate archives: manage and preserve records of that business.
- Government or national archives: may collect materials related to all levels of government.
- Historical societies: preserve materials related to a specific interest, such as a region, event, or industry.
- Museum archives: maintain diverse collections that typically consist of artwork or artifacts relevant to the type of museum. Items are often displayed.
- Religious archives: collect and preserve materials related to a faith, denomination, or individual place of worship.
- Special collections: a collection of items, usually in a library, that are either irreplaceable or rare. These items are kept separate from regular library collections.