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Bluebook 101

Basic information for getting started with The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation

Major Bluebook 21st Edition Updates

Bluebook 21st Edition: Major Changes

Major updates to the Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation in the new 21st edition, which was released in the summer of 2020. (7:43)

Signals

Bluebook Signals Demystified! Examples from Briefs

The Bluebook lists a number of "signals"--words at the start of a citation that signal what sort of support a source offers. This video discusses the signals and illustrates them with examples from briefs. (10:45)

Bluebook Signals Demystified! Examples from Law Review Articles

The Bluebook lists a number of "signals"--words at the start of a citation that signal what sort of support a source offers. This video discusses the signals and illustrates them with examples from law review articles. (14:41)

Cross-References (Id., Supra)

Bluebook Tip: Id, Supra, and MS Word's Internal Cross Reference Feature [Harvard Law School Library]

Explains id. and supra AND demonstrates how to create cross-references in Word. (2:57)

Bluebook Basics - Primary Sources

If you have never seen a legal citation and worry that you won't know what is a case or a statute or a regulation, worry no more! This series of videos will break down each type of citation so you can confidently identify them at a glance.

Fundamentals of Legal Citation Part 1: Case Law (Gallagher Basics series) (4:17)

Fundamentals of Legal Citation Part 2: Statutes (Gallagher Basics series) (4:31)

Fundamentals of Legal Citation Part 3: Regulations (Gallagher Basics series) (4:08)

If you want to learn more about the Bluebook, which is the manual that outlines the primary system of citation used for legal document in the United States, please see our research guide:

Cases

Bluebooking Case Names

This video walks you through the Bluebook's rules for naming cases--which parties to use, how to abbreviate them, and so on--with plenty of examples to illustrate each point. (9:21)

Bluebook 101—How to Cite an Unpublished Case

When you find cases that don't have citations to reporters, what do you do? Can you cite them? How do you cite them? This lesson gives you the answers. (6:02)

Statutes

Bluebook Tip: Citing Historic Statutes [Harvard Law School Library] (4:54)

Online Sources

Bluebook Tips: Rule 18 - Citing Online Sources [Harvard Law School Library] (1:39)

Bluebook Hack: Find Examples

Bluebook Hack: Find an Example

When you're not sure how to cite a legal document, you can look for examples in law reviews. This video shows you how. (7:22)