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Diversity Readings Related to First-Year Courses

Bias in Analysis & Language

Lorraine Bannai & Anne Enquist, (Un)Examined Assumptions and (Un)Intended Messages: Teaching Students to Recognize Bias in Legal Analysis and Language, 27 Seattle U. L. Rev. 1 (2003-2004), HeinOnline, journal's website

Gender-Neutral Language, Sexist Language

British Columbia Law Institute, Gender-Free Legal Writing: Managing the Personal Pronouns, British Columbia Law Institute Report, No. 2, 1998, SSRN

Gerald Lebovits, He Said - She Said: Gender-Neutral Writing, 74 New York State Bar Journal 64 (2002) HeinOnlineSSRN

Judith D. Fischer, Framing Gender: Federal Appellate Judges' Choices About Gender-Neutral Language, 43 U.S.F. L. Rev. 473 (2009), SSRN, HeinOnline

Julie Goldscheid, Gender Neutrality, the 'Violence Against Women' Frame, and Transformative Reform, 84 UMKC L. Rev. 623 (2014), SSRN, HeinOnline

Leslie Rose, The Supreme Court and Gender Neutral Language, 17 Duke J. Gender L. & Pol'y 81 (2010), SSRN

Leslie M. Rose, Teaching Gender as a Core Value in the Legal-Writing Classroom, 36 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 531-35 (2011), HeinOnline

Pat K. Chew & Lauren K. Kelley-Chew, Subtly Sexist Language,16 Colum. J. Gender & L. 643 (2007), HeinOnlineSSRN

Hip Hop & Rap

Andrew Jensen Kerr, Rap Exegesis: Interpreting the Rapper in an Internet Society, 7 Colum. J. Race & L. 341 (2016), HeinOnlineSSRN

Kim D. Chanbonpin, Legal Writing, the Remix: Plagiarism and Hip Hop Ethics, 63 Mercer L. Rev. 597 (2012), HeinOnline, SSRN

Nick J. Sciullo, Conversations with the Law: Irony, Hyperbole and Identity Politics or Sake Pase? Wyclef Jean, Shottas, and Haitian Jack—A Hip-Hop Creole Fusion of Rhetorical Resistance to the Law, 34 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 455-513 (2009), HeinOnline, SSRN

Richard Delgado, Si Se Puede, But Who Gets the Gravy?, 11 Mich. J. Race & L. 9 (2005), HeinOnlineSSRN



Law Reviews

Rachel J. Anderson, From Imperial Scholar to Imperial Student: Minimizing Bias in Article Evaluation by Law Reviews, 20 Hastings Women's L.J. 197 (2009), HeinOnline, SSRN

Taunya Lovell Banks & Penelope Andrews, Two Colored Women's Conversation about the Relevance of Feminist Law Journals in the Twenty-first Century, 12 Colum. J. Gender & L. 498-509 (2003), HeinOnline, SSRN

Lawprofblawg & Darren Bush, Law Reviews, Citation Counts, and Twitter (Oh my!): Behind the Curtains of the Law Professor’s Search for Meaning , 50 Loyola U. Chi. L.J. 327 (2018), Journal's website, HeinOnline, SSRN


Nancy Leong & Jennifer Mullins, The Persistent Gender Disparity in Student Note Publication, 23 Yale J. L. & Feminism 385 (2011), HeinOnlineSSRN


Jennifer Mullins, Reactions to the Persistent Gender Disparity in Student Note Publication,  2012 Mich. St. L. Rev. 1685, HeinOnlineSSRN

Adriane Kayoko Peralta, The Underrepresentation of Women of Color in Law Review Leadership Positions, 25 Berkeley La Raza L.J. 68, 85 (2015), HeinOnlineSSRN

Jean Stefancic, The Law Review Symposium: A Hard Party to Crash for Crits, Feminists, and Other Outsiders, 71 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 989 (1996), HeinOnlineSSRN


Adam Arms, Metaphor, Women and Law, 10 Hastings Women's L.J. 257, 286 (1999), HeinOnline

Ann Cammett, Deadbeat Dads & Welfare Queens: How Metaphor Shapes Poverty Law, 34 B.C. J. L. & Soc. Just. 233 (2014), HeinOnline, SSRN

Elizabeth G. Thornburg, Metaphors Matter: How Images of Battle, Sports and Sex Shape the Adversary System, 10 Wis. Women's L.J. 225 (1995), HeinOnlineSSRN

Keith Cunningham-Parmeter, Alien Language: Immigration Metaphors and the Jurisprudence of Otherness, 79 Fordham L. Rev. 1451 (2011), HeinOnline, SSRN. (Also: 32 Immigr. & Nat'lity L. Rev. 613 (2011), HeinOnline.)



Other Disciplines

Edward L. Rubin, Passing through the Door: Social Movement Literature and Legal Scholarship, 150 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1 (2001), HeinOnline

William N. Jr. Eskridge, Channeling: Identity-Based Social Movements and Public Law, 150 U. Pa. L. Rev. 419, 526 (2001), HeinOnline


Outsider Scholarship

Kathryn Stanchi, Feminist Legal Writing, 39 San Diego L. Rev. 387 (2002), HeinOnlineSSRN

Linda H. Edwards, Linda H., Where Do the Prophets Stand?: Hamdi, Myth, and the Master's Tools, 13 Conn. Pub. Int. L.J. 43 (2013), HeinOnlineSSRN

Lisa Philipps, Measuring the Effects of Feminist Legal Research: Looking Critically at "Failure" and Success", 42 Osgood Hall L.J. 603-14 (2004), HeinOnlineSSRN

Marc A. Fajer, Essay, Authority, Credibility, and Pre-Understanding: A Defense of Outsider Narratives in Legal Scholarship, 82 Geo. L.J. 1845 (1994), HeinOnline

Richard Delgado, When a Story Is Just a Story: Does Voice Really Matter?, 76 Va. L. Rev. 95-111 (1990), HeinOnline, SSRN

Richard Delgado, The Imperial Scholar Revisited: How to Marginalize Outsider Writing, Ten Years Later, 140 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1349 (1992), HeinOnline, SSRN

Richard Delgado, The Colonial Scholar: Do Outsider Authors Replicate the Citation Practices of the Insiders, But in Reverse?, 71 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 969 (1996), HeinOnline, SSRN

Richard Delgado & Jean Stefancic, Crossover (2009). American Indian Law Review, Vol. 33 (2009). SSRN, HeinOnline





Brook K. Baker, Incorporating Diversity and Social Justice Issues in Legal Writing Programs, 9 Persp. 51 (2001), journal site

Rosa Castello, Incorporating Social Justice into the Law School Curriculum with a Hybrid Doctrinal/Writing Course, 50 J. Marshall L. Rev. 221 (2017) HeinOnline

Pamela Edwards & Sheilah Vance, Teaching Social Justice through Legal Writing, 7 Legal Writing: J. Legal Writing Inst. 63 (2001), HeinOnlineSSRN

Leslie M. Rose, Teaching Gender as a Core Value in the Legal-Writing Classroom, 36 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 531, 536 (2011), HeinOnline

Kathryn M. Stanchi, Resistance Is Futile: How Legal Writing Pedagogy Contributes to the Law's Marginalization of Outsider Voices, 103 Dick. L. Rev. 7 (1998), HeinOnline

Racist Language

Dawn D Bennett-Alexander, The Use of the Term 'Boy' as Evidence of Race Discrimination: Apparently the 11th Circuit Didn't Get the Memo?, (November 11, 2010).  SSRN

SpearIt, Enslaved by Words: Legalities & Limitations of 'Post-Racial' Language, 2011 Mich. St. L. Rev. 705, HeinOnline, SSRN

Sources of Law & Legal Reasoning

Charles R. Calleros, The Spirit of Regina Austin’s Contextual Analysis: Exploring Racial Context in Legal Method and Writing Assignments and Scholarship, 34 J. Marshall L. Rev. 281 (2000), HeinOnline, SSRN

Tonya Kowalski, The Forgotten Sovereigns, 36 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 765-825 (2009), SSRN, HeinOnline

  • See these sections of the article: Teaching the Three-Sovereign Model as an Introduction to the U.S. Legal System, at 805-11, Sources of Law and Forms of Reasoning, at 811-17, Selection of Authority and the Path of Review, at 817-21, Cultural Literacy Skills, Case Theory, and Narrative Reasoning, at 821-24.


Brennan P. Breeland, I Am Jack's Radical Self-Degradation: A Pedagogical Argument for the Inclusion of the Indigenous Narrative in the Postmodern Legal Education (March 27, 2010), SSRN

Jane B. Baron, Resistance to Stories, 67 S. Cal. L. Rev. 255 (1994), HeinOnline, SSRN

Robert A. Williams, Vampires Anonymous and Critical Race Practice, 95 Mich L. Rev. 741 (1997), HeinOnline, SSRN

Teresa Godwin Phelps, The Ethics of Narrative: A Nation’s Role in Victim/Survivor Storytelling, 18 Ethical Persp. 169 (2011), journal's website

Voices from the Bottom

Devon W. Carbado, Race to the Bottom, 49 UCLA L. Rev. 1283 (2002), HeinOnline

Emily M.S. Houh & Kristin Kalsem, It's Critical: Legal Participatory Action Research, 19 Mich. J. Race & L. 287-343 (2014), HeinOnline, SSRN