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Information Literacy for Nurses

Develop Information Literacy Skills

The CRAAP Test
Start With A Gut Check: “Learning To Spot Fake News”
  • Think like a fact checker”
    • Check for previous work: has someone already fact-checked the claim?
    • Go to the source: most web content is not original so go to the source, is it trust-worthy or fact-based?
    • Read laterally: read what other people say about the original source.
    • Circle back: back up and start over if you hit a dead end.
How To Spot Misinformation: “Fake News”
  • How to navigate “falsehoods in the information landscape”
    • Exercise skepticism
    • Understand the misinformation landscape
    • Pay extra attention when reading about emotionally-charged and divisive topics
    • Investigate what you're reading or seeing
    • Yelling probably won't solve misinformation
Fact-Checking Online Resources
Additional Resources:

What Not to Do

Can I just Google it and be done?
  • No! Search engines can be biased, and this impacts search results
  • Bias can have real world impacts.
  • Multiple factors influence search engine results, including your other online activities, if you share a device with other users, your previous internet search history, and how other searchers have interacted with search results.
    • Goldman E. Search Engine Bias and the Demise of Search Engine Utopianism. In: Web Search. Springer Berlin Heidelberg; :121-133. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-75829-7_8 -
  • Apply your information literacy skills when searching online
Can I just use Wikipedia and be done?
  • No! Wikipedia can be a helpful source for surface-level information
  • Check the citations and links to verify if they are reliable and trustworthy.
  • Trace the information back to its original sources.
  • Don’t rely on Wikipedia alone for scholarly research
  • Anyone can add, edit, or delete entries, and information can be wrong.
  • Bias can have real world impacts