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Information Literacy for Nurses

What are Misinformation & Disinformation?

The spread of fake news, misinformation, and disinformation is increasing. But what exactly are they?
  • Fake News is “purposefully crafted, sensational, emotionally charged, misleading or totally fabricated information that mimics the form of mainstream news."
  • Misinformation is “false information that is spread, regardless of whether there is intent to mislead.”
  • Disinformation is “deliberately misleading or biased information; manipulated narrative or facts; propaganda.”

Understanding Fake News

Resources for understanding fake news:

Fact Checking Sites

Sites you can use to double check and cross-reference news: