Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Skip to main content


Information Literacy for Nurses

What are Misinformation & Disinformation?

The spread of fake news, misinformation, and disinformation is increasing. But what exactly are they?
  • Fake News is “purposefully crafted, sensational, emotionally charged, misleading or totally fabricated information that mimics the form of mainstream news."
  • Misinformation is “false information that is spread, regardless of whether there is intent to mislead.”
  • Disinformation is “deliberately misleading or biased information; manipulated narrative or facts; propaganda.”

Understanding Fake News

Resources for understanding fake news:

Fact Checking Sites

Sites you can use to double check and cross-reference news: