Data citation allows for discoverability and reuse of research data. It also allows for attribution and tracking of use to better measure the impact of a dataset which in turn promotes better science.
If you are following a particular style, try to form the citation according to the general rules of that style. If in doubt, it is better to provide more information than less.
The main parts of a data citation are:
- Responsible Party
- Title of dataset
- Edition or version of dataset, if applicable
- Name and location of data center, repository, or publisher
- Date published
- Analysis software, if required
- Date accessed
- URL, DOI or other persistent link
- Parameters selected, if applicable
Payne JL, Boyer AG, Brown JH, Finnegan S, Kowaleski M, Krause Jr RA, Lyons SK, McClain CR, McShea DW, Novack-Gottshall PM, Smith FA, Stempien JA, Wang SC (2008) Data from: Two-phase increase in the maximum size of life over 3.5 billion years reflects biological innovation and environmental opportunity. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.223
How do you make your data citable?
The UW Libraries provides access to a data citation service
called EZID. Through this service you can acquire a permanent identifier for your dataset which can be used when you deposit your data in a repository
or submit it to a journal accompanied by a related publication based on that data. Some repositories will create permanent identifiers for you when you deposit your data. See our page on Sharing & Storage
for more information. See the first two links in the "Tools & Resources
" box to the right for information on how to cite a database