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Research Guides

What is Fertility?

Fertility is the ability to produce children. It is an element of population growth, reflecting both the causes and effects of economic and social developments.

Source - OECD





Image ID - bee, the symbol of a goddess which represents fertility, rests on a purple flower
Demography fun fact - The share of American women at the end of their childbearing years who had ever given birth was higher in 2018 than it had been a decade earlier, with 85% of women ages 40 to 44 were mothers in 2018, up from 82% in 2008.
Source - Pew Research