GREEN: Be thoughtful, these sources undergo a fairly stringent editorial and peer-review process but quality can vary.
Scholarly articles are those that are published in academic journals. There are academic journals for every subject area. For example New Media and Society is an academic journal in the field of communications while American Historical Review is one for the field of history.
The purpose academic journals is to disseminate research and scholarly discussions among scholars (faculty, researchers, students) in a discipline.
Academic journals and scholarly articles share the following characteristics:
Peer Reviewed Journals are scholarly journals that go through the peer review (sometimes called referee) process. The purpose of the process is to assess the quality of articles submitted for publication in a scholarly journal. Before an article is published in a peer reviewed journal, it must go through this process:
A peer reviewed journal does not publish articles that fail to meet the standards established for a discipline. For this reason, peer reviewed articles accepted for publication exemplify the best research practices in a field.
Need to verify that a journal is peer reviewed (refereed)? Search the Ulrichsweb periodicals directory for the title of the journal, if you see this icon the journal is refereed.
The CRAAP Test helps you to evaluate the information that you find. Different criteria will be more or less useful depending on your need.
Currency: the timeliness of the information
Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs
Authority: the source of the information
Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information
Purpose: the reason the information exists
Credits: content used on this page was adapted from: Evaluating Information - Applying the CRAAP Test. The CRAAP Test was created by Sarah Blakeslee of the University of California at Chico's Meriam Library.