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RED: Be wary, these sources run the gamut from news-sponsored material to complete fabrications, use one of the evaluation tools to check the credibility of the source.
Social media "create or enrich human communities by enabling instantaneous and multimodal (text, photo, voice, and video) communication around the globe and by offering software architectures that give users the power to generate, represent, manage, and enact their own social capital. The adaptability, ease of use, and multidimensional utility of social media tools have enabled them to affect virtually every aspect of twenty-first-century social, political, intellectual, and economic life." (Vallor 2014)
Traditional authorship and publishing rules don't always apply in social media:
SIFT is a 4-step method to quickly ascertain the accuracy of social media posts and websites by using fact-checkers' strategies of cross-referencing information.
INVESTIGATE THE SOURCE
FIND BETTER COVERAGE
TRACE CLAIMS, QUOTES & MEDIA TO THE ORIGINAL CONTEXT
The social media universe contains fake accounts including Twitter bots (automated software that runs an account). Be suspicious when you see an account that:
Follow the News Literacy Project's advice to practice information hygiene :"Help sanitize social media feeds. Flag misinformation when you see it on social media. Failing to do so leaves behind an infected post that will influence those who see it after you."
Content used on this page was adapted from:
Atlantic Council Digital Forensic Research Lab. #BotSpot: Twelve Ways to Spot a Bot. Accessed 30 Mar. 2020.
Caulfield Mike. Introducing SIFT. Accessed 30 Mar. 2020.
Caulfield, Mike. “Sift (The Four Moves).” Hapgood,19 June 2019.Accessed 30 Mar. 2020.
Hanson, Jarice. "Social Media." The Social Media Revolution: An Economic Encyclopedia of Friending, Following, Texting, and Connecting, Greenwood, 2016, pp. 319-323. Gale Ebooks. Accessed 3 Mar. 2017.
Monmouth University. Media Literacy & "Fake News": How "Fake News" Spreads. Accessed 30 Mar. 2020.
News Literacy Project. Classroom Connection: Practicing information hygiene. Accessed 1 Apr. 2020.
North Essex Community College. FAKE News vs. REAL NEWS: How to Determine the Reliability of Sources. Accessed 30 Mar. 2020.
Vallor, Shannon. "Social Media." Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering: A Global Resource, edited by J. Britt Holbrook, 2nd ed., vol. 4, Macmillan Reference USA, 2015, pp. 203-206. Gale Ebooks. Accessed 3 Mar. 2017.