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APA Style Guide

Information about APA citation style

Citation Examples


Type of Entry
Reference List
Citation in Text
Book with 1 to 2 authors
Cohen, L.G., & Spenciner, L.J. (1994). Assessment of young children. White Plains, NY: Longman.
(Cohen & Spenciner, 1994)
Book with 3-7 authors [include all authors]
Pratkanis, A.R., Brekler, S.J., & Greenwald, A.G. (1989). Attitude structure and function. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
(Pratkanis, Breckler, & Greenwald, 1989) first citation
(Pratkanis et al., 1989) subsequent citations
Edited book
Gibbs, J.T., & Huang, L.N. (Eds.). (1991). Children of color: Psychological interventions with minority youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
(Gibbs & Huang, 1991)
Chapter from a book
Masaro, D. (1992). Broadening the domain of the fuzzy logical model of perception. In H.L. Pick, Jr., P. van den Broek, & D.C. Knill (Eds.), Cognition: Conceptual and methodological issues (pp. 51-84). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
(Masaro, 1992)
Journal article with 2 authors
Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. (1993). The ADA and the hiring process in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 45, 10-36.
(Klimoski & Palmer, 1993)
Journal article with 3-7 authors [include all authors]
Kendall, P.C., Stark, K.D., & Adam, T. (1990). Cognitive deficit or cognitive distortion of childhood depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 18, 255-270.
(Kendall, Stark, & Adam, 1990) first citation 3-5 authors
(Kendall et al., 1990) subsequent citations 3-5 authors
(Kendall et al., 1990) 6+ authors first and subsequent citations
Journal article with 8 or more authors
Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., . . . Botros, N. (2004). Effects of quitting smoking on EEG activation and attention last for more than 31 days and are more severe with stress, dependence, DRD2 A1 allele, and depressive traits. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6, 249-267.
(Gilbert et al., 2004)
Newspaper article with no author
New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure. (1993, July 15). The Washington Post, p. A12.
("New Drug," 1993)
Magazine article
Posner, M.I. (1993, October 29). Seeing the mind. Science, 262, 673-674.
(Posner, 1993)