NCBI provides several repository services for genomic and genetic data.
Dryad - international, nonprofit organization that accepts data for storage and reuse.
UK Data Service- Acquires data from academic, public sector and commercial sources within the United Kingdom and abroad.
figshare - allows researchers to publish all of their research outputs in an easily citable, sharable and discoverable manner. All file formats can be published, including videos and datasets that are often demoted to the supplemental materials section in current publishing models.
Zenodo - CERN initiative; free deposit for the long tail of Science
File format to use depends on many aspects, including:
File formats currently recommended by the UK Data Archive for long-term preservation of research data. Other data centres or digital archives may recommend different formats.
|Type of Data||Recommended File Formats for Sharing, Re-Use and Preservation|
|Quantitative tabular data with extensive metadata
a dataset with variable labels, code labels, and defined missing values, in addition to the matrix of data
SPSS portable format (.por)
delimited text and command ('setup') file (SPSS, Stata, SAS, etc.) containing metadata information some structured text or mark-up file containing metadata information, e.g. DDI XML file
|Quantitative tabular data with minimal metadata
a matrix of data with or without column headings or variable names, but no other metadata or labelling
comma-separated values file (.csv)
tab-delimited file (.tab)
vector and raster data
ESRI Shapefile (essential: .shp, .shx, .dbf ; optional: .prj, .sbx, .sbn)
geo-referenced TIFF (.tif, .tfw)
CAD data (.dwg)
tabular GIS attribute data
eXtensible Mark-up Language (XML) text according to an appropriate Document Type Definition (DTD) or schema (.xml)
Rich Text Format (.rtf)
plain text data, ASCII (.txt)
|Digital image data||TIFF version 6 uncompressed (.tif)|
|Digital audio data||Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC) (.flac)|
|Digital video data||
motion JPET.2000 (.jp2)
Rich Text Frormat (.rtf)
PDF/A or PDF (.pdf)
OpenDocument Text (.odt)