Citations are a way of giving credit when material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again-- an important roadmap to your research process. Whenever you use sources such as books, journals, media, or websites in your research, you must give credit to the original creator by citing the source.
Different subject disciplines call for citation information to be written in specific orders with varying capitalization and punctuation. There are many different styles and formats. In the ISS program, you will be expected to use MLA Style in core courses. Thematic courses may expect you to use APA Style. This is the basic style for each. Use the menu on the left or click on each style below for a more comprehensive look.
Joseph, Ralina L. Transcending Blackness: From the New Millenium Mulatta to the Exceptional Multiracial. Durham, M.C.: Duke UP, 2013. Web.
Joseph, R. (2013). Transcending blackness: From the new millenium mulatta to the exceptional multiracial. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
*See the UW Libraries Citation Styles Guide for more example citations
Annotations for each citation are written in paragraph form and can vary in length. A simple summary may only be several sentences, and an extensive analysis may be several paragraphs. Generally, the annotations have two parts:
[Citation] Booker, Susan M. "Dioxin in Vietnam: Fighting a Legacy of War." Environmental Health Perspectives 109.3 (2001): 116. ProQuest. Web. 29 Ap. 2009.
[Annotation] Booker reports on the launch of a joint research program on the human and environmental health effects from spraying Agent Orange and other herbicides during the Vietnam War. The extent of Agent Organge exposure among the Vietnamese, identification of highly contaminated areas and monitoring migration of dioxin are assessed. The author asserts the government is not doing enough to help the Vietnamese people who still suffer from Agent Orange. This is written for people with little prior knowledge of this...
Example annotation from Lloyd Sealy Library