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Research Guides

Senator Henry M. Jackson, 1912-1983: 1953-1983 U.S. Senate

The portal provides a general overview of key archival, printed, and visual resources in UW Libraries Special Collections that document Senator Jackson's long and distinguished career in public service.

1953-1970

First Term Second Term Third Term
1953 1959 1965
1954 1960 1966
1955 1961 1967
1956 1962 1968
1957 1963 1969
1958 1964 1970

 

1953

January: Jackson begins his first term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

January: Dwight D. Eisenhower inaugurated 34th President of the United States

January: Senator Joseph McCarthy appointed chairman, and Robert F. Kennedy is appointed assistant counsel, U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

March 5: Joseph Stalin dies

May 22: Columbia Basin Water Festival and Farm-in-a-Day construction, Moses Lake, Washington State

June 18: Senator Joseph McCarthy appoints J.B. Matthews executive director, U.S. Senate, Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

July: J.B. Matthews publishes "Reds and our churches," American Mercury

July 2-10: Senators Jackson, Stuart Symington, and John L. McClellan demand the resignation of J.B. Matthews and resign, U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations[iii]

July 29: Robert F. Kennedy resigns from Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

Fall: Senator Joseph McCarthy launches an investigation into the Army Signal Corps and General Ralph W. Zwicker

1954

January: Senators Jackson, Stuart Symington, and John L. McClellan rejoin Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations and appoint Robert F. Kennedy to minority counsel

February: Roy Cohn appointed chief counsel, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

April-June: Army-McCarthy hearings

July 15: First Boeing 707 prototype makes its first flight from Renton Field, Renton, Washington

July: France withdraws from Vietnam

Summer: Jackson appointed to the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee

September 8: Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) established

September 27: Watkins Committee recommends censure of Senator Joseph McCarthy

December 2: U.S. Senate approves censure of Senator Joseph McCarthy

Opening of the McNary Dam

The United States sends troops to South Vietnam

Dr. Dorothy Fosdick joins the Jackson staff (1954-1983)

1955

January: Jackson is reappointed to the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy and the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee and retains his appointment to the U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

Spring: Jackson is appointed chairman, Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, Military Applications Committee

June 30: Jackson and Senator Clinton P. Anderson, chairman of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, submit a letter and report to President Dwight D. Eisenhower on the Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) Program

July: The Geneva Summit Conference convenes, Geneva, Switzerland

November: Jackson visits Vietnam and East Asia

Jackson aide John L. Salter marries, and Jackson moves to 2500 Q Street, Georgetown, Washington, D.C.

Jackson is appointed U.S. delegate and chairman of the Science and Technology Committee, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference, Paris, France

Chief Joseph Dam opens

 

1956

February 1: Jackson delivers an address before the U.S. Senate, “The Race for Ballistic Missiles”

April: General Alfred M. Gruenther announces his retirement, Supreme Allied Commander Europe

August: Jackson visits the Soviet Union and the Middle East

October 29: Suez crisis begins

October 31: Hungarian Prime Minister Imre Hagy announces withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact

November 1: The Soviet Union invades Hungary

November 22: President Dwight D. Eisenhower appoints General Lauris Norstad Supreme Allied Commander Europe

November: President Dwight D. Eisenhower reelected President of the United States

November: Senator Warren G. Magnuson reelected, U.S. Senate, Washington State

1957

January: The Eisenhower Doctrine

February 19: Marine Jackson (mother) dies

May 27: Jackson delivers address to U.S. Senate, “Ballistic Seapower-Fourth Dimension of Warfare"

June: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives in the Pacific Northwest

October 4: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik

November: Jackson serves as U.S. delegate, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference (1957-1983)

Jackson co-sponsors Wilderness Preservation System Bill (Wilderness bill of 1964)

Henry Kissinger publishes Nuclear Weapons and American Foreign Policy

Albert Sabin develops the oral polio vaccine

[3560-032, HMJ-22: Senator Jackson thanking Washington State citizens for supporting the March of Dimes and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, U.S. Senate Recording Studio, Washington, D.C.]

1958

July 7: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act

July 29: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) established

September: Jackson defeats Democratic candidate, Alice Franklin Bryant, in the primaries

November 4: Jackson is reelected to U.S. Senate for a second term, defeating Republican opponent William B. Bantz

November 17: “Presenting the Report of the NATO Parliamentarians Conference. Scientific and Technical Committee” [Should link to text?]; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference, Paris, France

Jackson co-sponsors the National Defense Education Act of 1958

Noreen Lydday Potts of Everett, Washington joins the Jackson staff

Hanford begins production on the N Reactor, Benton County, Richland, Washington

John Day Dam opens

John Kenneth Galbraith publishes The Affluent Society

1959

January 3: Alaska is granted statehood

January: Jackson begins his second term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

March 18: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Hawaii Statehood Admissions Act

Jackson is appointed chairman, U.S. Senate, Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery

June: Jackson proposes an investigation into the national policy-making machinery, U.S. Senate, Government Operations Committee, Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery (also called the Jackson Subcommittee)

July 24: Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev engage in a public debate during the American National Exhibition, Moscow, Russia

August 21: Hawaii is granted statehood

September: Nikita Khrushchev visits the United States

October: Jackson visits Antarctica

Jackson visits the Soviet Union

Theodore H. White begins the series, The Making of the President

1960

February 1: Black college student sit-ins, Greensboro, North Carolina

May: Soviet Union shoots down a U-2 reconnaissance plane

July 13-14: Senator John F. Kennedy is nominated for President by the Democratic National Party, selects Governor Lyndon B. Johnson for his Vice Presidential running mate and appoints Jackson chairman, Democratic National Committee, Democratic National Convention, Los Angeles, California

July 14: Jackson endorses Senator John F. Kennedy for President of the United States and nominates Lyndon B. Johnson for Vice President, Democratic National Convention, Los Angeles, California

[3560-032, HMJ-75:Senator Jackson nominating Lyndon B. Johnson for Vice President, Democratic National Convention, Los Angeles, California]

November: John F. Kennedy elected President of the United States

Jackson chairs hearings, U.S. Senate, Government Operations Committee, National Policy Machinery Subcommittee (1960-1961)

1961

January: John F. Kennedy inaugurated 35th President of the United States

January 4: Jackson meets Senator Clinton P. Anderson's receptionist, Helen Hardin, from Albuquerque, New Mexico,and they begin dating

March: John Salter is appointed Deputy Director, Agency for International Development

April 15-19: Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuba

June: Vienna Summit, Vienna, Austria

August: The Soviet Union erects the Berlin Wall

November 16: Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn dies

November 29: Jackson and Helen Hardin announce their engagement [iv]

December 1: Jackson resigns as chairman, Democratic National Committee

December 16: Jackson and Helen Hardin marry, Central Methodist Church, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and visit Hawaii

S. Sterling Munro joins the Jackson staff as Administrative Assistant (1961-1977)

Jackson visits Vietnam

1962

April 21-October 21: Century 21: The Seattle World's Fair, Seattle, Washington

September: Rachel Carson publishes Silent Spring

September-October: Cuban missile crisis

October: President John F. Kennedy attends a Silver Anniversary dinner for Senator Warren G. Magnuson, Seattle, Washington

February 20: John H. Glenn, Jr. makes first U.S. orbital flight

November: TFX (F-111) contract controversy

December: Jackson visits Vietnam

Henry and Helen Jackson move to 2500 Q Street NW, Washington, D.C.

William Appleman Williams rereleases The Tragedy of American Diplomacy

1963

January: Jackson is appointed chairman (1963-1977), U.S. Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Committee

February 7: Anna Marie (daughter) born

February-November: Investigation into the TFX (F-111) contract, U.S. Senate Government Operations Committee, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

March-June: Buddhist uprising, Da Nang-Hue, Vietnam

August 5: The United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union sign the Limited Test Ban Treaty, Moscow, Russia

September 26: President John F. Kennedy visits the Hanford facilities, Benton County, Richland, Washington

November 1: Assassination of President Ngô Đình Diệm, Saigon, Vietnam

November 22: Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Dallas, Texas and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson inaugurated 36th President of the United States

1964

November: Jackson is reelected to U.S. Senate for a third term, defeating Republican opponent Lloyd J. Andrews

November: President Lyndon B. Johnson reelected to a second term

August: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

September: Jackson co-sponsors the Wilderness Areas bill

September 3: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Wilderness Areas Act (S.4) and the Land and Water Conservation Fund bill (H.R.3846), Rose Garden, White House, Washington , D.C.

September: The Ohanapecosh Visitor Center opens, Mount Rainier National Park, Longmire, Washington

Civil Rights Act

1965

January: Jackson begins his third term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

March: First teach-in in protest of the Vietnam War, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

July 22: Water Resources Planning Act

July 30: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Medicare Amendment, White House, Washington, D.C.

August: Watts riots, Los Angeles, California

December: Jackson visits Hong Kong and Vietnam

Jackson publishes Fact, Fiction and National Security

1966

February: Henry and Helen Hardin Jackson move to 4934 Rockwood Parkway, Washington, D.C.

March 10: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Cape Lookout National Seashore bill, White House, Washington, D.C.

April: Peter Jackson (son) born

April 8: Hanford Generating Plant completed

May 16: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, China (1966-1969)

October: The Black Panther Party is founded, Oakland, California

November 15: Jackson delivers a speech, The Will to Stay the Course; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference, Paris, France

December: Jackson visits Vietnam

December: Senator J. William Fulbright publishes The Arrogance of Power

1967

June 5-10: The Six Day War, Israel

June 13: President Lyndon B. Johnson appoints Thurgood Marshall U.S. Supreme Court Justice

June 17: China explodes its first Hydrogen bomb

June: Glassboro Summit Conference, Glassboro, New Jersey

July 12-23: Riots break out in Detroit, Michigan and Newark, New Jersey

September 18: U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces U.S. deployment of the Sentinel Program and Fort Lawton in Seattle, Washington is selected as a launch site [vi]

October 21: Student protestors march to the Pentagon, Arlington, Virginia

The Jackson family and sisters, Gertrude and Marie Jackson, move to 1703 Grand Avenue, Everett, Washington

1968

April: Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Memphis, Tennessee and student demonstrations on the campus of Columbia University, New York, New York

July 1: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Non-Proliferation Treaty

August: Democratic National Convention, Chicago, Illinois

Summer: Gertrude (sister) diagnosed with cancer

September 30: Columbia River Basin Project Act [vii]

October 2: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Redwood and North Cascades National Park bills

October 2: Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and North Cascades National Park established [viii]

November: Richard M. Nixon elected President of the United States

November: Jackson visits West Germany

December: Jackson declines U.S. Secretary of Defense position

Jackson meets Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin

1969

January: Richard M. Nixon inaugurated 37th President of the United States

February: Boeing 747 prototype makes its first flight

February: Jackson authors S.1075, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969

February: Gertrude (sister) dies

Spring: Jackson meets Richard N. Perle

Spring: Richard N. Perle appointed to U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

July 16-20: Apollo 11 Mission

August 6: Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) debates, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C.

November 17: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I) (1969-1972)

December: Marie (sister) dies

Kevin Phillips publishes The Emerging Republican Majority

Jackson is awarded the Sierra Club John Muir Award

Jackson selects Richard N. Perle as National Security Advisor (1969-1979)

1970

January 1: President Richard M. Nixon signs National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

Spring: Jackson sponsors Federal Lands for Parks and Recreation Act

March 8: Native American protestors stage sit-in, Fort Lawton, Seattle, Washington

March: Democratic National Committee endorses Carl Maxey for U.S. Senate, Washington State

April 22: Jackson speaks to students and faculty on first Earth Day, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

July 6: Jackson is awarded the Belle W. Baruch Conservation Award, Washington, D.C.

September 15: Jackson defeats Democratic candidate, Carl Maxey, in the primaries

November 3: Jackson is reelected to U.S. Senate for a fourth term, defeating Republican opponent Charles W. Elicker

November: Jackson meets with Prime Minister Golda Meir, Jerusalem, Israel

Jackson visits the Middle East

Ben Wattenberg and Richard M. Scammon publish The Real Majority

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I)

First Term

1953

January: Jackson begins his first term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

January: Dwight D. Eisenhower inaugurated 34th President of the United States

January: Senator Joseph McCarthy appointed chairman, and Robert F. Kennedy is appointed assistant counsel, U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

March 5: Joseph Stalin dies

May 22: Columbia Basin Water Festival and Farm-in-a-Day construction, Moses Lake, Washington State

June 18: Senator Joseph McCarthy appoints J.B. Matthews executive director, U.S. Senate, Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

July: J.B. Matthews publishes "Reds and our churches," American Mercury

July 2-10: Senators Jackson, Stuart Symington, and John L. McClellan demand the resignation of J.B. Matthews and resign, U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations[iii]

July 29: Robert F. Kennedy resigns from Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

Fall: Senator Joseph McCarthy launches an investigation into the Army Signal Corps and General Ralph W. Zwicker

1954

January: Senators Jackson, Stuart Symington, and John L. McClellan rejoin Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations and appoint Robert F. Kennedy to minority counsel

February: Roy Cohn appointed chief counsel, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

April-June: Army-McCarthy hearings

July 15: First Boeing 707 prototype makes its first flight from Renton Field, Renton, Washington

July: France withdraws from Vietnam

Summer: Jackson appointed to the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee

September 8: Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) established

September 27: Watkins Committee recommends censure of Senator Joseph McCarthy

December 2: U.S. Senate approves censure of Senator Joseph McCarthy

Opening of the McNary Dam

The United States sends troops to South Vietnam

Dr. Dorothy Fosdick joins the Jackson staff (1954-1983)

1955

January: Jackson is reappointed to the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy and the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee and retains his appointment to the U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

Spring: Jackson is appointed chairman, Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, Military Applications Committee

June 30: Jackson and Senator Clinton P. Anderson, chairman of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, submit a letter and report to President Dwight D. Eisenhower on the Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) Program

July: The Geneva Summit Conference convenes, Geneva, Switzerland

November: Jackson visits Vietnam and East Asia

Jackson aide John L. Salter marries, and Jackson moves to 2500 Q Street, Georgetown, Washington, D.C.

Jackson is appointed U.S. delegate and chairman of the Science and Technology Committee, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference, Paris, France

Chief Joseph Dam opens

 

1956

February 1: Jackson delivers an address before the U.S. Senate, “The Race for Ballistic Missiles”

April: General Alfred M. Gruenther announces his retirement, Supreme Allied Commander Europe

August: Jackson visits the Soviet Union and the Middle East

October 29: Suez crisis begins

October 31: Hungarian Prime Minister Imre Hagy announces withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact

November 1: The Soviet Union invades Hungary

November 22: President Dwight D. Eisenhower appoints General Lauris Norstad Supreme Allied Commander Europe

November: President Dwight D. Eisenhower reelected President of the United States

November: Senator Warren G. Magnuson reelected, U.S. Senate, Washington State

1957

January: The Eisenhower Doctrine

February 19: Marine Jackson (mother) dies

May 27: Jackson delivers address to U.S. Senate, “Ballistic Seapower-Fourth Dimension of Warfare"

June: The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives in the Pacific Northwest

October 4: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik

November: Jackson serves as U.S. delegate, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference (1957-1983)

Jackson co-sponsors Wilderness Preservation System Bill (Wilderness bill of 1964)

Henry Kissinger publishes Nuclear Weapons and American Foreign Policy

Albert Sabin develops the oral polio vaccine


1958

July 7: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act

July 29: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) established

September: Jackson defeats Democratic candidate, Alice Franklin Bryant, in the primaries

November 4: Jackson is reelected to U.S. Senate for a second term, defeating Republican opponent William B. Bantz

November 17: “Presenting the Report of the NATO Parliamentarians Conference. Scientific and Technical Committee” [Should link to text?]; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference, Paris, France

Jackson co-sponsors the National Defense Education Act of 1958

Noreen Lydday Potts of Everett, Washington joins the Jackson staff

Hanford begins production on the N Reactor, Benton County, Richland, Washington

John Day Dam opens

John Kenneth Galbraith publishes The Affluent Society

Second Term

1959

January 3: Alaska is granted statehood

January: Jackson begins his second term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

March 18: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Hawaii Statehood Admissions Act

Jackson is appointed chairman, U.S. Senate, Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery

June: Jackson proposes an investigation into the national policy-making machinery, U.S. Senate, Government Operations Committee, Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery (also called the Jackson Subcommittee)

July 24: Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev engage in a public debate during the American National Exhibition, Moscow, Russia

August 21: Hawaii is granted statehood

September: Nikita Khrushchev visits the United States

October: Jackson visits Antarctica

Jackson visits the Soviet Union

Theodore H. White begins the series, The Making of the President

1960

February 1: Black college student sit-ins, Greensboro, North Carolina

May: Soviet Union shoots down a U-2 reconnaissance plane

July 13-14: Senator John F. Kennedy is nominated for President by the Democratic National Party, selects Governor Lyndon B. Johnson for his Vice Presidential running mate and appoints Jackson chairman, Democratic National Committee, Democratic National Convention, Los Angeles, California

July 14: Jackson endorses Senator John F. Kennedy for President of the United States and nominates Lyndon B. Johnson for Vice President, Democratic National Convention, Los Angeles, California

November: John F. Kennedy elected President of the United States

Jackson chairs hearings, U.S. Senate, Government Operations Committee, National Policy Machinery Subcommittee (1960-1961)

1961

January: John F. Kennedy inaugurated 35th President of the United States

January 4: Jackson meets Senator Clinton P. Anderson's receptionist, Helen Hardin, from Albuquerque, New Mexico,and they begin dating

March: John Salter is appointed Deputy Director, Agency for International Development

April 15-19: Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuba

June: Vienna Summit, Vienna, Austria

August: The Soviet Union erects the Berlin Wall

November 16: Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn dies

November 29: Jackson and Helen Hardin announce their engagement [iv]

December 1: Jackson resigns as chairman, Democratic National Committee

December 16: Jackson and Helen Hardin marry, Central Methodist Church, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and visit Hawaii

S. Sterling Munro joins the Jackson staff as Administrative Assistant (1961-1977)

Jackson visits Vietnam

1962

April 21-October 21: Century 21: The Seattle World's Fair, Seattle, Washington

September: Rachel Carson publishes Silent Spring

September-October: Cuban missile crisis

October: President John F. Kennedy attends a Silver Anniversary dinner for Senator Warren G. Magnuson, Seattle, Washington

February 20: John H. Glenn, Jr. makes first U.S. orbital flight

November: TFX (F-111) contract controversy

December: Jackson visits Vietnam

Henry and Helen Jackson move to 2500 Q Street NW, Washington, D.C.

William Appleman Williams rereleases The Tragedy of American Diplomacy

1963

January: Jackson is appointed chairman (1963-1977), U.S. Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Committee

February 7: Anna Marie (daughter) born

February-November: Investigation into the TFX (F-111) contract, U.S. Senate Government Operations Committee, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

March-June: Buddhist uprising, Da Nang-Hue, Vietnam

August 5: The United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union sign the Limited Test Ban Treaty, Moscow, Russia

September 26: President John F. Kennedy visits the Hanford facilities, Benton County, Richland, Washington

November 1: Assassination of President Ngô Đình Diệm, Saigon, Vietnam

November 22: Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Dallas, Texas and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson inaugurated 36th President of the United States

1964

November: Jackson is reelected to U.S. Senate for a third term, defeating Republican opponent Lloyd J. Andrews

November: President Lyndon B. Johnson reelected to a second term

August: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

September: Jackson co-sponsors the Wilderness Areas bill

September 3: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Wilderness Areas Act (S.4) and the Land and Water Conservation Fund bill (H.R.3846), Rose Garden, White House, Washington , D.C.

September: The Ohanapecosh Visitor Center opens, Mount Rainier National Park, Longmire, Washington Civil Rights Act

Third Term

1965

January: Jackson begins his third term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

March: First teach-in in protest of the Vietnam War, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

July 22: Water Resources Planning Act

July 30: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Medicare Amendment, White House, Washington, D.C.

August: Watts riots, Los Angeles, California

December: Jackson visits Hong Kong and Vietnam

Jackson publishes Fact, Fiction and National Security

1966

February: Henry and Helen Hardin Jackson move to 4934 Rockwood Parkway, Washington, D.C.

March 10: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Cape Lookout National Seashore bill, White House, Washington, D.C.

April: Peter Jackson (son) born

April 8: Hanford Generating Plant completed

May 16: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, China (1966-1969)

October: The Black Panther Party is founded, Oakland, California

November 15: Jackson delivers a speech, The Will to Stay the Course; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Parliamentarians Conference, Paris, France

December: Jackson visits Vietnam

December: Senator J. William Fulbright publishes The Arrogance of Power

1967

June 5-10: The Six Day War, Israel

June 13: President Lyndon B. Johnson appoints Thurgood Marshall U.S. Supreme Court Justice

June 17: China explodes its first Hydrogen bomb

June: Glassboro Summit Conference, Glassboro, New Jersey

July 12-23: Riots break out in Detroit, Michigan and Newark, New Jersey

September 18: U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces U.S. deployment of the Sentinel Program and Fort Lawton in Seattle, Washington is selected as a launch site [vi]

October 21: Student protesters march to the Pentagon, Arlington, Virginia

The Jackson family and sisters, Gertrude and Marie Jackson, move to 1703 Grand Avenue, Everett, Washington

1968

April: Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Memphis, Tennessee and student demonstrations on the campus of Columbia University, New York, New York

July 1: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Non-Proliferation Treaty

August: Democratic National Convention, Chicago, Illinois

Summer: Gertrude (sister) diagnosed with cancer

September 30: Columbia River Basin Project Act [vii]

October 2: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Redwood and North Cascades National Park bills

October 2: Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and North Cascades National Park established [viii]

November: Richard M. Nixon elected President of the United States

November: Jackson visits West Germany

December: Jackson declines U.S. Secretary of Defense position

Jackson meets Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin

1969

January: Richard M. Nixon inaugurated 37th President of the United States

February: Boeing 747 prototype makes its first flight

February: Jackson authors S.1075, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969

February: Gertrude (sister) dies

Spring: Jackson meets Richard N. Perle

Spring: Richard N. Perle appointed to U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

July 16-20: Apollo 11 Mission

August 6: Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) debates, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C.

November 17: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I) (1969-1972)

December: Marie (sister) dies

Kevin Phillips publishes The Emerging Republican Majority

Jackson is awarded the Sierra Club John Muir Award

Jackson selects Richard N. Perle as National Security Advisor (1969-1979)

1970

January 1: President Richard M. Nixon signs National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

Spring: Jackson sponsors Federal Lands for Parks and Recreation Act

March 8: Native American protesters stage sit-in, Fort Lawton, Seattle, Washington

March: Democratic National Committee endorses Carl Maxey for U.S. Senate, Washington State

April 22: Jackson speaks to students and faculty on first Earth Day, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

July 6: Jackson is awarded the Belle W. Baruch Conservation Award, Washington, D.C.

September 15: Jackson defeats Democratic candidate, Carl Maxey, in the primaries

November 3: Jackson is reelected to U.S. Senate for a fourth term, defeating Republican opponent Charles W. Elicker

November: Jackson meets with Prime Minister Golda Meir, Jerusalem, Israel

Jackson visits the Middle East

Ben Wattenberg and Richard M. Scammon publish The Real Majority

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I)

Fourth Term

1971

January: Jackson begins his fourth term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

August 13: Youth Conservation Corps (YCC) established

August: President Richard M. Nixon issues New Economic Policy [viii]

November 19: Jackson announces candidacy for President of the United States, Caucus Room, Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.

Jackson sponsors the Alaska Native Claims Act of 1971

Jackson begins authoring legislation establishing the Youth Conservation Corps (YCC)

Jackson visits the Middle East

Jackson named National Father of the Year

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I)

Pentagon Papers published in The New York Times

1972

March 7-14: New Hampshire and Florida primaries

February 27: President Richard M. Nixon visits China and signs the Shanghai Communiqué

April 4-25 : Wisconsin and Massachusetts primaries

May 15: George C. Wallace assassination attempt, Laurel, Maryland

May 26: President Richard M. Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev sign the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty

May: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I)

June 5: Moscow Conference Summit, Moscow, Russia

June 23: Indian Education Act passes (Jackson sponsored)

June: California primary

July 10-13: George McGovern nominated for President by the Democratic National Party, Democratic National Convention, Miami, Florida

July: U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, Earl L. Butz, negotiates the sale of U.S. grain to the Soviet Union

September 25: National Conference on Soviet Jewry endorses the Jackson-Vanik Amendment

October 4: Jackson and Ohio Congressman Charles A. Vanik create an amendment to the Trade Reform bill, Jackson-Vanik Amendment

October 30: Jackson endorses George McGovern for President, Seattle Center, Seattle, Washington

Fall: Jackson visits the Middle East

November 2: Richard M. Nixon reelected President of the United States

November-December: Jackson and Helen Hardin Jackson visit Yugoslavia

December 13: House passes the Jackson-Vanik Amendment

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II) (1972-1979)

December: Robert Strauss appointed chairman, Democratic National Committee

December: Ben Wattenberg establishes the Coalition for a Democratic Majority (CDM)

Completion of the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerhouse, Grand Coulee, Washington

Production work begins on the MX missile

1973

January 14: Jackson meets with Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin

September 11-14: U.S. Senate approves the Jackson Amendment to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) I and Andrei Sakharov issues a public letter appealing Congress to pass the Jackson-Vanik Amendment

October 6-26: Arab-Israeli War

October 10: Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigns

October 12: House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford is selected for Vice President

October 17: Oil embargo, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

October: Egypt and Syria launch attack against Israel

November 16: President Richard M. Nixon signs the trans-Alaska Pipeline bill

December: House passes the Jackson-Vanik Amendment

Paris Peace Accords signed, Paris, France

Jackson selected as chairman, U.S. Senate Government Operations Committee, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations and Subcommittee on Arms Control (1973-1978)

Energy shortage and oil companies hearings, U.S. Senate Government Operations Committee, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations (1973-1975)

Howard Feldman appointed chief counsel, U.S. Senate Government Operations Committee, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations

Trade Reform Act

Watergate hearings, U.S. Senate

1974

April 13-22: Jackson visits San Juan, Puerto Rico

May 4: Spokane World’s Fair

July 3: Moscow Summit, Moscow, Russia

July: Jackson appoints Robert Keefe campaign manager; Sterling Munro, chief of staff; Walter T. Skallerup, campaign treasurer; Brian Corcoran, national press manager?; Richard Kline, fundraising coordinator

July: Jackson visits China

August 9: President Richard M. Nixon resigns

August 9: Vice President Gerald R. Ford inaugurated 38th President of the United States

December 13-18: U.S. Senate and House approve the Jackson-Vanik Amendment to the Trade Reform Act, and the Stevenson Amendment (Adlai Stevenson, Jr.) is approved by Congress

December: Governor Jimmy Carter announces candidacy for President of the United States

President Gerald R. Ford and Leonid Brezhnev sign the Vladivostok Treaty

Watergate hearings, U.S. Senate

1975

January 3: President Gerald R. Ford signs the Trade Reform Act appended with the Jackson-Vanik Amendment [ix]

February 7: Jackson announces candidacy for President of the United States, National Press Club, Washington, D.C.

March 6: U.S. Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger delivers testimony during hearings, U.S. Armed Services Committee, Subcommittee on Arms Control

April 30: The Vietnam War ends

July 15: Alexander Solzhenitsyn speaks to a joint session of Congress, U.S. Capitol Building, Washington, D.C. [x]

July 30-August 1: President Gerald R. Ford attends the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) and signs the Helsinki Final Act, Helsinki, Finland

October: Senator Birch Bayh announces candidacy for President of the United States

November 2: President Gerald R. Ford dismisses U.S. Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger

November 20: President Gerald R. Ford appoints Donald H. Rumsfeld U.S. Secretary of Defense

November: Governor George C. Wallace announces candidacy for President of the United States

1976

January 19: Iowa caucus

February 27: New Hampshire primary

March 2-9: : Massachusetts and Florida primaries

March 16-23: Illinois and North Carolina primaries

March: Committee on the Present Danger reestablished

April 6: New York and Wisconsin primaries

April 25: Jimmy Carter and Jackson debate, Issues and Answers, ABC

April 27: Pennsylvania primary

May 1: Jackson announces withdrawal from presidential race, Washington Plaza Hotel, Seattle, Washington

September 3: Viking Lander 2 lands on Mars

November: Jimmy Carter elected President of the United States

November 2: Jackson reelected to U.S. Senate, defeating Republican opponent George M. Brown

Fifth Term


1977

January 7: Senator Mike J. Mansfield retires

January: Jackson begins his fifth term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

January 20: Jimmy Carter inaugurated 39th President of the United States

January: President Jimmy Carter appoints Zbigniew K. Brzezinski to U.S. National Security Advisor, Cyrus Vance to U.S. Secretary of State, and Paul C. Warnke to Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

August 4: U.S. Department of Energy established

September 7: President Jimmy Carter and Omar Torrijos sign the Panama Canal Treaty and Neutrality Treaty [xi]

Opening of the Daybreak Star Indian Cultural Center, United Indians of All Tribes, Fort Lawton, Seattle, Washington

Interior and Insular Affairs Committee is renamed Energy and Natural Resources Committee

Jackson serves as chairman, U.S. Senate, Energy and Natural Resources Committee (1977-1980)

1978

January 13: Senator Hubert H. Humphrey dies

January: Iranian revolution begins

February 12-20: Jackson visits China

September 17: Egyptian President Anwar Al Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin sign the Camp David Accords, Frederick County, Maryland

September 29: President Jimmy Carter issues Presidential Directive 41, U.S. Civil Defense Policy [xii]

November: Jackson visits the Middle East, Egypt, Israel

Northwest Power Act

1979

January 1: Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations

January 16: Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi and Empress Farah flee Tehran, Iran for Egypt

February: General Secretary Deng Xiaoping visits the U.S. and Seattle, Washington

March 26: President Anwar Sadat and Prime Minister Menachim Begin sign the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty, Washington, D.C.

March 28: Three Mile Island accident, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania

March: President Jimmy Carter appoints Lieutenant General George Seignious Director, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

June 15-18: President Jimmy Carter and Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms control agreement ending the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II, Vienna, Austria

June-July: The Jackson family visits Israel

July: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II hearings, U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, Arms Control Subcommittee and Foreign Relations Committee

July 15: President Jimmy Carter delivers Crisis of Confidence speech [xiii]

August 7-25: Jackson visits China

November 4: Iranian hostage crisis begins

November 7: Senator Edward M. Kennedy announces candidacy for President of the United States

November 9: U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee approves Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II treaty

December 20: U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, Arms Control Subcommittee rejects the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II treaty

December 27: The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan

Arthur Jackson (brother) dies

1980

February: President Jimmy Carter assigns China most favored nation (MFN) status

March: Richard S. Perle leaves the Jackson staff

April 24-25: Iran hostage rescue attempt

April 28: U.S. Secretary of State, Cyrus Vance, resigns

May 18: Eruption of Mt. St. Helens, Washington State

May 22: Jackson delivers speech, "New directions for our party," Cook County Democratic Dinner, Chicago, Illinois

June-July: The Jackson family visits Norway

October: Jackson endorses President Jimmy Carter, Seattle, Washington

November: Ronald R. Reagan elected President of the United States

November: Warren G. Magnuson loses election to Slade Gorton, U.S. Senate, Washington State

December 2: President Jimmy Carter signs the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act

December 11: Jackson visits London, England

Geopolitics of oil hearings, U.S. Senate, Energy and Natural Resources Committee

Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act

Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act

1981

January: Ronald R. Reagan inaugurated 40th President of the United States

January 20: Iranian hostage crisis ends

January 21: President Ronald R. Reagan appoints Caspar Weinberger U.S. Secretary of Defense

January: President Ronald R. Reagan appoints Jeane Kirkpatrick ambassador to the United Nations; Richard Perle to assistant secretary of defense; Elliott Abrams to assistant secretary of state for human rights; General Edward Rowny as chief negotiator for Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START)

May: Anna Marie Jackson graduates, Holton Arms School, Bethesda, Maryland

September 25: President Ronald R. Reagan appoints Sandra Day O'Connor U.S. Supreme Court Justice

November 13: Secretary of the Navy John Lehman fires Admiral Hyman G. Rickover

Creation of the Central America Commission, U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee

1982

Spring: Jackson proposes a Soviet-American Joint Consultation Center

May: President Ronald R. Reagan initiates the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START)

May-June: Boeing 747 – C-5 debate

August 17: Joint Sino-American Communiqué

August: Jackson visits China

September: Jackson defeats Larry Penberthy and King Lysen in the primaries

November 2: Jackson reelected to U.S. Senate, defeating Republican opponent Douglas Jewett

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

Sixth Term

1983

January: Jackson begins his sixth term, U.S. Senate, Washington State

April 18: Bombing of U.S. Embassy, Beirut , Lebanon

May: President Ronald R. Reagan signs a bill establishing the Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine

June 17: First test-firing of the MX missile, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

August: Jackson visits China

September 1: Korean Air Lines Flight 007 shot down by the Soviet Union

September 1: Jackson dies, Everett, Washington

September 1: Governor John Spellman appoints former Governor Daniel Evans to U.S. Senate seat

September 7: Jackson funeral and interment at Evergreen Cemetery, Everett, Washington

September: The Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies (JSIS) is established, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

September: The Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine is renamed The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc.

October 5:The Henry M. Jackson Foundation is established, Seattle, Washington

October 23: Bombing of U.S. Marine barracks, Beirut, Lebanon

October: President Ronald R. Reagan orders a Trident submarine renamed the USS Henry M. Jackson

References

[iii] Kaufman, Robert. Henry M. Jackson: A Life in Politics. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000, p. 76-77.

[iv] Ibid., p. 128.

[v] Simon, David. “Chronology of National Missile Defense Programs,” in Council on Foreign Relations. June 1, 2002. Available from: http://www.cfr.org/publication/10443/chronology_of_national_missile_defense_programs.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F428%2Fmissile_defense. Accessed June 20, 2007.

“Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty Chronology” in Federation of American Scientists. Available from: http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/abmt/chron.htm. Accessed June 21, 2007.

[vi] “Colorado River Basin Project (General Overview)” in Dams, Projects & Powerplants. U.S. Department of the Interior: Bureau of Reclamation. Available from: http://www.usbr.gov/dataweb/html/crbp.html. Accessed June 21, 2007.

[vii] “Wild and Scenic Rivers Act,” in Federal Wildlife and Related Laws Handbook. New Mexico Center for Wildlife Law. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico School of Law. Available from: http://ipl.unm.edu/cwl/fedbook/wildrive.html. Accessed June 21, 2007.

[viii] John Woolley and Gerhard Peters, The American Presidency Project [online]. Santa Barbara, CA: University of California (hosted), Gerhard Peters (database). Available from: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=3115. Accessed June 8, 2007.

[ix] “Saga of the Jackson Amendment,” Time. Monday, January 27, 1975. Available from: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,912750,00.html?iid=chix-sphere. Accessed June 21, 2007.

[x] Senator Ernest F. Hollings authors S.CON.RES.48, “Concurrent resolution to invite Alexander Solzhenitsyn to address a joint meeting of Congress.” Available from: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/D?d094:4:./temp/~bdcPZt::. Accessed June 22, 2007.

[xi] “Panama Canal Treaty of 1977” in U.S. Department of State. Available from: http://www.state.gov/p/wha/rlnks/11936.htm. Accessed June 22,2007.

[xii] PD-41 US Civil Defense Policy. Available from: http://www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/documents/pddirectives/pd41.pdf. Accessed June 25, 2007.

[xiii] PD-53 National Security Telecommunications Policy. Available from: http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/pd/pd53.pdf. Accessed June 25, 2007.