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Detail from a 1809 cartoon, Napoleon and Pitt Observing Each Other
Citation & Writing Help
Historians generally use the Chicago Style format. For information to other citation formats see the Citation Styles & Tools guide.
Writing help is available via zoom.
Starting Points: Books & eBooks
See the eBook FAQ for directions to limit your search to ebooks only.
- By Topic - Type in the keywords that broadly describe your topic. For example: women france revolution history
- By Title - Type in the first few words of the book title in quotations. For example: "after hitler before stalin".
- By Author - Type in the last name followed by the first name of the author in quotations. For example: "jonas raymond"
Starting Points: Journal Articles
The following research databases will help you identify articles on European history. Additional research databases are listed under Articles.
Historical Abstracts with Full Text This link opens in a new window
Best database to articles written on modern world history (Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe & Latin America from 1450 onward)
International Medieval Bibliography This link opens in a new window
Best database for identifying articles & book chapters on all aspects of Medieval Europe, 300-1500
JSTOR This link opens in a new window
Scholarly journals & books in all disciplines
Starting Points - Primary Sources
This is a small sampling of primary sources dealing with Europe. Additional sources are listed under the various Primary Sources sections of this guide.