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Research Guides

Citing Sources: APA Style

An overview of tips, tools, and resources for all your citation needs

What is APA Style?

APA (American Psychological Association) Style is widely used in the social sciences, business, and some of the life sciences. APA Style uses brief in-text citations in the text that refer to an alphabetical list of references appearing the end of the work.

Disciplines using APA Style include Business, Communication, Education, and Psychology.

Official Guidance from the APA

Other APA Guides

DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers)

A DOI is a unique, permanent locator for online materials.They are usually found at the top of an article or with the other citation information -- look for the letters "doi" followed by an alphanumeric sequence beginning with 10. Many older articles may not have a DOI.

Books on APA Style