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Research Guides

Citing Sources: IEEE Style

An overview of tips, tools, and resources for all your citation needs

What is IEEE Style?

IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Style is widely used in engineering, computer science, and other technical fields. IEEE [pronounced I-triple-E] style is a numbered reference style, using bracketed numbers [1], [2], and so on in the text. In the Reference List, numbered sources are listed in the order they appear in the text.

Official Guidance from the IEEE

Online IEEE Style Guides

DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers)

A DOI is a unique, permanent locator for online materials.They are usually found at the top of an article or with the other citation information -- look for the letters "doi" followed by an alphanumeric sequence beginning with 10. Many older articles may not have a DOI.

Books on IEEE Style