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Research Guides

Digital Scholarship Research Guide: Annotation Tools

Text Mining Office Hours: Tuesdays 1-4pm Research Commons Consultation Space, Wednesdays 3-5pm eScience Institute

Popular Annotation Tools website

With the aim of improving the quality of information available for scholars on the web, makes it possible to analyze everything from blogs and news articles to scientific articles and e-books. Collaborate with others to discuss texts and keep personal notes on what you read.


Lacuna Stories


Lacuna Stories website


Lacuna Stories allows multiple users to simultaneously read and annotate a digital text, transitioning the Western tradition of handwritten annotations to a 21st century format. Annotations can be searched and mapped to pinpoint particular types of responses or follow individual student reading experiences. Lacuna can also support long-form writing assignments.

  • What You'll Need:
    • Web browser
    • Server with PHP support 
    • Command line access to your server 
    • Drupal experience
    • Annotator.js plugin
    • Drush
  • Examples:
    • An instructor embeds an annotation prompt to a noteworthy section of the text, and tracks student responses and questions to guide classroom discussion.

    • A scholar studies their previous annotations, and those of their peers, as they are formulating a research question and thesis for their final paper.

    • Assignment Ideas

  • License: Lacuna grants you a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to access and use the Site and the Material. Registered users may download Material from the Site only for such user’s own personal, non-commercial use. 
  • Help:


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