Figures are non-text items (chart, graph, map/drawing/photograph)
Tables are text/numerical data within a table
If the figure or table is from a resource, it needs to be cited in 3 ways (each way is described in further detail below):
Written Report: Figures and tables should be described in the written report. For example, the reader can discuss the inferences and conclusions they draw from the figure or table. Then, the figure or table should be cited.
Figure or table: When inserting a figure into the written report, a header should be placed above the figure and a caption should be placed below it.
Biblography: Each figure/table should contain its own citation in the bibliography. Here is a sample citation for a figure:
Author. (Date). Title of figure-table. [Figure/Table]. In A. Author & B. Author, Title of work. Database Name. URL.
An intext citation of a figure, with a written description following the figure:
Survey results indicate rising tuition rates would impede students’ ability to learn, as students would spend less time on educational tasks and more time working to cover tuition costs (Doe, 2011).
Figure 1. Students currently spend approximately three times more time working than on education. Taken from The Breakdown of Student Life by John Doe, p. 25.
The figure cited in the bibliography
Doe, J. (2011, January). The breakdown of student life (2010) [Figure]. American Student Life at a Glance Report. Mintel database.
Here are a few guidelines in citing figures and tables. See the Purdue OWL APA Formatting Style Guide for a complete list of rules and guidelines for citing tables and figures.
Figures & tables should: