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Research Guides

U.S. Decennial Census: 1790

Decade by decade information about how to access and use U.S. Census reports.

Census By Decade

1790  1800  1810  1820  1830  1840  1850  1860  1870  1880  1890  1900

1910  1920  1930  1940  1950  1960  1970  1980  1990  2000  2010  2020

About the 1790 census


  • 1st decennial census
  • US population: 3,929,625

Questions Asked

  • Name of head of family
  • Free white males of 16 years and up
  • Free white males under 16
  • Free white females
  • Slaves
  • Other persons


a black and white map of the united states circa. 1790

Map of coverage of the 1790 census.

For more information, see Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 available in print via UW Libraries.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1950 is the most recent population schedule available.


"Return of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States" features population data by race, condition of servitude, State, county, and town for the 1790 census. Also includes data by sex for free white persons, and by age group for males.

More Information from the US Census Bureau

Census Compilations

Data Sources


Need help? Call the Government Publications, Maps, Microforms & Newspapers help desk at (206) 543-4164 during desk hoursYou can also consult the 24/7 Ask Us! reference service.