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U.S. Decennial Census: 1880

Decade by decade information about how to access and use U.S. Census reports.

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About the 1860 census


  • 10th decennial census
  • US population: 50,155,783
  • Washington Territory population: 75,116

Questions asked

  • Address
  • Nickname
  • Relationship to head of family
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Month of birth if born within the census year
  • Married within the year
  • Occupation
  • Number of months unemployed during year
  • Sickness or temporary disability
  • Whether blind, deaf, and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled
  • School attendance
  • Literacy
  • Place of birth of person and parents
  • Supplemental schedules for the Indian population, for persons who died during the year, insane, idiots, deaf-mutes, blind, homeless children, prisoners, paupers and indigent persons


Map of the United States as surveyed in the 1880 census

Map of coverage of the 1880 census.

For more information, see Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 available in print via UW Libraries.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1950 is the most recent population schedule available.


More Information from the US Census Bureau

Census Compilations

Data Sources


Need help? Call the Government Publications, Maps, Microforms & Newspapers help desk at (206) 543-4164 during desk hoursYou can also consult the 24/7 Ask Us! reference service.