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Research Guides

U.S. Decennial Census: 1830

Decade by decade information about how to access and use U.S. Census reports.

Census By Decade

1790  1800  1810  1820  1830  1840  1850  1860  1870  1880  1890  1900

1910  1920  1930  1940  1950  1960  1970  1980  1990  2000  2010  2020

About the 1830 census


  • 5th decennial census
  • US population: 12,866,020
  • First time sex and age of slaves included

Questions asked

  • Name of head of family
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Slaves
  • Deaf and dumb
  • Blind
  • Foreigners not naturalized


map of the united states in 1830

Map of coverage of the 1830 census.

For more information, see Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 available in print via UW Libraries.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1950 is the most recent population schedule available.


"Fifth census, or, enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, 1830..." features population data by race, condition of servitude, State, county, and town for the 1830 census. Also includes data by sex and by age group.


"Abstract of the Returns of the Fifth Census" features tables with population data (race and sex) by state and county. 

More Information from the US Census Bureau

Census Compilations

Data Sources


Need help? Call the Government Publications, Maps, Microforms & Newspapers help desk at (206) 543-4164 during desk hoursYou can also consult the 24/7 Ask Us! reference service.