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Research Guides

U.S. Decennial Census: 1860

Decade by decade information about how to access and use U.S. Census reports.

Census By Decade

1790  1800  1810  1820  1830  1840  1850  1860  1870  1880  1890  1900

1910  1920  1930  1940  1950  1960  1970  1980  1990  2000  2010  2020

About the 1860 census

Highlights

 

  • 8th decennial census
  • US population: 31,443,321
  • Washington Territory population: 11,594

Questions asked

  • Number of dwelling home in order of visitation by the enumerator
  • Number of family in order of visitation by the enumerator
  • Name
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color (Enumerators could mark "W" for Whites, "B" for Blacks, or "M" for Mulattos)
  • Profession
  • Occupation (or Trade) of each person, male and female, over 15 years of age
  • Value of person's real estate
  • Value of person's personal estate
  • Place of birth (Enumerator could list the state, territory, or country of the person's birth)
  • Married within the last year?
  • Did the person attend school within the last year?
  • If the person was over 20 years of age, could he not read or write?
  • Was the person deaf and dumb, blind, idiotic, pauper, or convict?

Coverage

a map of the united states as it was divided in 1861

Map of coverage of the 1860 census.

For more information: Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 (GovPub Reference HA195 .T46 1987)

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available. Below are links to print and on-line versions of the population schedules. The library also has selected population schedules available on microfilm.

Statistics: Original Printed Reports

Census statistical reports feature population and demographic data by state, county, and town for the 1860 census. UW Government Publications holdings and online access options are listed below.

Statistics: Original Reports (Online)

Census statistical reports feature population and demographic data by state, county, and town for the 1860 census. Online access options are listed below.

1860 Census

a page from schedule 1 ("free inhabitants") with names in illegible cursive

An excerpt from the 1860 population schedule from Randolph County in Georgia. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Guides and Documentation

More Information from the Census Bureau

Statistics: Census Compilations

Raw Data Files

Contact

Need help?  Call the Government Publications, Maps, Microforms & Newspapers help desk at (206) 543-4164 during desk hours.  You can also consult the Ask Us! reference service (24/7).