This section identifies and organizes a highly selective number of
resources from the Web and the UW Libraries journal collections that
present news coverage from a particular point of view, i.e., a
political party, a religious group, an ethnic population, etc.
Anarchist - Anarchy, from the Greek word anarchos
or rule by none, is commonly understood as social chaos or
unconstitutional government; however, Anarchists do not advocate such
definitions. Anarchism is opposed to persons and governments in charge
of anyone else. Anarchists believe that the purpose of society is to
increase individual opportunities and freedoms of choice through
- Working from a rational, nonpartisan position to solve political
problems, centrists claim to reduce the rhetoric found in current
politics and strike a balance between the rights and the
responsibilities of the individual.
- Based on the writings of Karl Marx, Communist organizations express
the belief that it is good and possible for people to live in a
non-competitive, non-authoritarian, propertyless state of equality. The
fall of the USSR does not disprove the theoretical principles of
communism; many western Marxists saw the Soviets as practicing a kind
of state capitalism rather than communism.
- While quite difficult to define, conservatives tend to favor local
initiative and limited federal government involvement in domestic
issues, a strong national defense, personal rights and responsibility
rather than bureaucratic regulation, traditional religious beliefs, an
economy based on the principals of capitalism and free enterprise, and
a suspicion of social planning schemes. Common sense and practical
solutions are supported while complex regulatory systems are opposed.
See also Libertarianand Religion & Politics.
Democratic Party - The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the second being the Republican Party.
The origins of the Democratic Party date back to the late 18th century
and opposition to the Federalist Party. It acquired its modern name in
1828. Generally speaking, the Democratic Party is to the left of the
Republican Party, i.e., more liberal. It tends to be the party of
organized labor and of some ethnic minorities. It tends to support a
more activist federal government.
Ethnic/Minority Perspectives - These news resources reflect the current interests and perspectives of American ethnic and/or minority groups.
- Claiming to be the "fastest growing, world-wide movement seen in the
second half of the 20th Century," and while emphasizing the
still-evolving nature of the green movement and its political tenants,
the Green Party calls for restructuring social, cultural and political
life, particularly in developed countries. This movement is very much a
local, grassroots effort, with little solid agreement on agendas, other
than standing for peace, social justice and the environment.
- Humanism began in Italy in the 14th century as a literary and
philosophical movement that recognizes the value and dignity of man,
and measures all things against the potential and limitations of
humans. Humanists support tolerance toward all points of view. The term
has become highly politicized in the late 20th century, primarily by
religious conservatives who charge that humanistic tenants are
anti-religious and lead to the destruction of traditional values and
- Current usage of the term "liberal" usually denotes a philosophy that
looks to government action to help meet the needs of the individual.
Modern usage developed out of the 19th century position of supporting
civil and human rights against established monarchies, then to
Depression era policies in which government was used aggressively to
insure protection and regulation of civil liberties for all. Liberals
generally support environmental legislation, universal health
insurance, strong public welfare programs, and other uses of government
in the areas of social and cultural development. Related to, and often
confused with Progressives, Liberals are more willing to use government as a way to bring about change in society at many levels. See also Religion & Politics.
- Libertarian doctrine states that all people have an inalienable set
of rights that cannot be annulled, given up or taken away in the
interests of a larger group. Government intervention is seen as
interfering with personal autonomy and ingenuity, which are the keys to
maximizing human prosperity and achievement. Taken to its extreme,
libertarian views can move from a mildly laissez-faire approach to
virtual anarchism. See also Conservative.
Progressive - A term with its roots in the 19th century, "Progressive" today is often used to avoid using the word "Liberal",
or to try to raise the level of political debate above the petty
squabbling of conservatives and liberals. The descriptor has been used
by both Republicans and Democrats to give a more moderate but activist,
reform caste to political positions. Modern progressives believe in
economic reform and the use of government to make society better for
all its members.
- The Reform Party, founded by Ross Perot, has been a surprisingly
strong third party in U.S. politics over the last five years. Its
guiding principles call for a balanced federal budget, a completely new
tax system, term limits and other reform-minded goals. This party has
also been called the "United We Stand Party".
Republican Party - The Republican Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the second one being the Democratic Party.
The origins of the modern Republican Party date back to 1854 and
opposition to the spread of slavery in the western states, among
several other major issues. Today's party is usually to the right of
the Democratic Party on most issues, i.e. more conservative. It tends
to support reduction in the size of the federal government with more
power and accountability going to the states and individuals.
- Many kinds of socialist movements have flourished over the last 150
years, with roots going back at least to early Christian movements, but
they all have in common a belief in a political and economic system in
which the state controls (either through planning or outright
ownership) all basic means of production. The aim is to produce all
necessities for society without regard for profitability. The end
result is an egalitarian society in which all are cared for by society
and poverty is eliminated.
Women - This site brings together a selection of homepages and resources focusing on women's issues. (See also Abortion).